Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Does Torah allow converts?

No. In short, Torah DOES NOT allow people to convert, except the two specific nations. However, Torah's does provide ways for outsiders to join the faith. Let's take a look:
YLT Ex 12:48 'And when a sojourner sojourneth with thee, and hath made a passover to Jehovah, every male of his is to be circumcised, and then he doth come near to keep it, and he hath been as a native of the land, but any uncircumcised one doth not eat of it; 
YLT Ex 12:49 one law is to a native, and to a sojourner who is sojourning in your midst.' 
YLT Lv 19:34 as a native among you is the sojourner to you who is sojourning with you, and thou hast had love to him as to thyself, for sojourners ye have been in the land of Egypt; I am Jehovah your God. 
YLT Num 9:14 'And when a sojourner sojourneth with you, then he hath prepared a passover to Jehovah, according to the statute of the passover, and according to its ordinance, so he doth; one statute is to you, even to a sojourner, and to a native of the land.' 
YLT Num 15:13 every native doth thus with these, at bringing near a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to Jehovah; 
YLT Num 15:14 and when a sojourner sojourneth with you, or whoso is in your midst to your generations, and he hath made a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to Jehovah, as ye do so he doth. 
YLT Num 15:15 'One statute is for you of the congregation and for the sojourner who is sojourning, a statute age-during to your generations: as ye are so is the sojourner before Jehovah; 
YLT Num 15:16 one law and one ordinance is to you and to the sojourner who is sojourning with you.'
So, as the verses above state, Torah allows ANYONE to sojourn in the midst of the Children of Israel. The only requirement is that the sojourner lives according to the Written Torah. For example, the best verse from ones above is Leviticus 19:34, where it says explicitly that "as a native among you is the sojourner to you who is sojourning with you", which means that the only difference between the sojourner and native is that the natives are entitled to the Land allotment, while a sojourner has to purchase what is available and they can't own their land. Otherwise, as Torah states, there is no difference.

Aside from that there are two more classes of people the Torah talks about. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 23:7 'Thou dost not abominate an Edomite, for thy brother he is; thou dost not abominate an Egyptian, for a sojourner thou hast been in his land; 
YLT Dt 23:8 sons who are begotten of them, a third generation of them, doth enter into the assembly of Jehovah.
So as you can see, only two nations were explicitly allowed to convert, namely Edomites and Egyptians. The first two generations of them would be considered as sojourners (gers). The third generation of them, however, could become Hebrews and be considered natives. They would be allowed to be a part of the Assembly of the Hebrews (Numbers 15:15) which is differing from being a sojourner, so that they could be entitled to Land inheritance just like Hebrews.

Some nations and classes of people were NOT allowed to ever convert to the Hebrews. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 23:1 'One wounded, bruised, or cut in the member doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; 
YLT Dt 23:2 a foreigner doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; even a tenth generation of him doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah. 
YLT Dt 23:3  'An Ammonite and a Moabite doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; even a tenth generation of them doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah--to the age; 
YLT Dt 23:4 because that they have not come before you with bread and with water in the way, in your coming out from Egypt, and because he hath hired against thee Balaam son of Beor, of Pethor of Aram-Naharaim, to revile thee; 
YLT Dt 23:5 and Jehovah thy God hath not been willing to hearken unto Balaam, and Jehovah thy God doth turn for thee the reviling to a blessing, because Jehovah thy God hath loved thee; 
YLT Dt 23:6 thou dost not seek their peace and their good all thy days--to the age.
As you can see from these verses, everything is pretty clear except maybe Deuteronomy 23:2. Let's take a look who the "foreigners" are...
YLT Lv 22:10 'And no stranger doth eat of the holy thing; a settler of a priest and an hireling doth not eat of the holy thing; 
YLT Lv 22:11 and when a priest buyeth a person, the purchase of his money, he doth eat of it, also one born in his house; they do eat of his bread. 
YLT Lv 22:12  'And a priest's daughter, when she is a strange man's,--she, of the heave-offering of the holy things doth not eat; 
YLT Lv 22:13 and a priest's daughter, when she is a widow, or cast out, and hath no seed, and hath turned back unto the house of her father, as in her youth, of her father's bread she doth eat; but no stranger doth eat of it. 
YLT Ex 12:43 And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron,  'This is a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it; 
YLT Ex 12:44 and any man's servant, the purchase of money, when thou hast circumcised him--then he doth eat of it; 
YLT Ex 12:45 a settler or hired servant doth not eat of it; 
YLT Lv 22:25 And from the hand of a son of a stranger ye do not bring near the bread of your God, of any of these, for their corruption is in them; blemish is in them; they are not pleasing for you.' 
YLT Dt 14:21 'Ye do not eat of any carcase; to the sojourner who is within thy gates thou dost give it, and he hath eaten it; or sell it to a stranger; for a holy people thou art to Jehovah thy God; thou dost not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 
YLT Dt 15:3 of the stranger thou mayest exact, and that which is thine with thy brother doth thy hand release;
So, as you can see, there are many types of people Torah mentions. And there are different rules for different groups, even though the requirement to the obedience of the Written Torah is similar to all groups.

What other objects were in the Holy of Holies of the Tabernacle?

Once the Tabernacle was constructed and assembled, the Holy of Holies part of the Tabernacle contained ONLY the Ark of the Covenant with the 2 Stone Tablets inside of it! However, during the desert wanderings, God has commanded to add additional objects into the Holy of Holies. 

Let's take a look at what was added to the Holy of Holies, because these objects are rarely get mentioned.

First object that was added was the Jar of Manna:
YLT Ex 16:32 And Moses saith,  'This is the thing which Jehovah hath commanded: Fill the omer with it, for a charge for your generations, so that they see the bread which I have caused you to eat in the wilderness, in My bringing you out from the land of Egypt.' 
YLT Ex 16:33 And Moses saith unto Aaron,  'Take one pot, and put there the fulness of the omer of manna, and let it rest before Jehovah, for a charge for your generations;' 
YLT Ex 16:34 as Jehovah hath given commandment unto Moses, so doth Aaron let it rest before the Testimony, for a charge. 
YLT Ex 16:35 And the sons of Israel have eaten the manna forty years, until their coming in unto the land to be inhabited; the manna they have eaten till their coming in unto the extremity of the land of Canaan.
So the Jar of Manna was added to the Holy of Holies room together with the Ark of the Covenant. PLEASE NOTE that the Jar of Manna WAS OUTSIDE OF THE ARK, right next to it. NOT INSIDE like some traditions claim.

According to Exodus 16:1 and Exodus 16:30, this had happened on the 15th+7=22nd of the 2nd Month from Exodus from Mitzrayim.

The second object was the Rod of Aaron. After the rebellion of Korach, God has commanded the following:
YLT Num 17:10 And Jehovah saith unto Moses,  'Put back the rod of Aaron, before the testimony, for a charge, for a sign to the sons of rebellion, and thou dost remove their murmurings from off me, and they do not die;'
YLT Num 17:11 and Moses doth as Jehovah hath commanded him; so he hath done.
It is interesting to note that rebellion of Korach affected the Altar of Burnt Offering too. The special Copper Lid was added to the Altar. See this post.

So as you can see, there were two extra objects in the Holy of Holies room. The Jar of Manna and Aaron's Rod. This is aside from the Ark of the Covenant with the 10 commandments in it.


Please also see this post for one more object of the Tabernacle.

Treasury of the Tabernacle

Apparently, the Tabernacle had a treasury. So aside from the Ark, Aaron's Rod and a Jar of Manna, there was also a pile of Gold in the Tabernacle. Let's take a look at what the Text says: 
YLT Num 31:48 And the inspectors whom the thousands of the host hath, (heads of the thousands and heads of the hundreds), draw near unto Moses, 
YLT Num 31:49 and they say unto Moses,  'Thy servants have taken up the sum of the men of war who are with us, and not a man of us hath been missed; 
YLT Num 31:50 and we bring near Jehovah's offering, each that which he hath found, vessels of gold--chain, and bracelet, seal-ring, ear-ring, and bead--to make atonement for ourselves before Jehovah.' 
YLT Num 31:51 And Moses receiveth--Eleazar the priest also--the gold from them, every made vessel, 
YLT Num 31:52 and all the gold of the heave-offering which they have lifted up to Jehovah is sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels, from heads of the thousands, and from heads of the hundreds; 
YLT Num 31:53 (the men of the host have spoiled each for himself); 
YLT Num 31:54 and Moses taketh--Eleazar the priest also--the gold from the heads of the thousands and of the hundreds, and they bring it in unto the tent of meeting--a memorial for the sons of Israel before Jehovah.
As you can see from the underlined verse, the Gold of ransom from the war with Midianites was put inside the Tabernacle for a memorial. So basically speaking, there was a pile of Gold in the Tabernacle. Kind of like a little treasury. This interesting fact is very rarely discussed or even mentioned. 

The only thing that is not clear from the description is where this pile of Gold was located inside the Tabernacle? Most likely it was in the Holy of Holies as all other artefacts. Although it is possible that it was in the Holy Place part of the Tabernacle.

Please see this post for other artefacts of the Tabernacle.

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