Thursday, November 26, 2009

Some comparative calculations















Calculations according Talmud (Rav. Nehemiah opinion):

Shittim Wood = approx. 780 kg/m³ http://www.rmperkins.com/Miscellaneous/Cha...ticsOfBriar.pdf
Talent of Gold = approx. 34 kg
Talent of Silver\Copper - approx. half of the Talent of Gold = 17 kg.
Weight of the very large Ox - 1.5 tonn or 1500 kg
Maximum Wagon Drafting Weight of an Ox - approx. 1.5 times of an Ox weight.
Cubit- approx. 45 cm.
Tent Board Dimensions - 1.5х1х10 cubits or 0.675х0.45х4.5 meters each, out of 48.
Tent Pillar Dimensions - 1х1х10 cubits or 0.45х0.45х4.5 meters each, out of 9
Courtyard Pillars Dimensions - 0.5х0.5х5 cubits or 0.225х0.225х2.25 meters each, out of 60
Total Gold for the Tent: (Exodus 38:24) - will take 20 Talents out of 29.
For transporting all this we have had 8 Oxen (Numbers 3:36 and Numbers 7:8)
Lightweight parts, such as tent bars, pins, ropes e.t.c, are not counted since their weight is negligible.



1) 8 large oxen can draft: (1500kg х1.5draft)х8oxen = 18000kg = 18 tonn total 8 wagon draft weight.
2) Weight of each board of the Tent: (0.675х0.45х4.5)х780 kg/m³ = 1.366875m³ х 780 kg/m³ = 1066.1625 kg.
3) Total Weight of all 48 boards: 48х1066.1625 kg. = 51175.8 kg.
4) Total weight of all 96 sockets for Tent boards: 96х17kg = 1632 kg.
5) Weight of each pillar of the Tent: (0.45х0.45х4.5)х780 kg/m³ = 0.91125m³ х 780 kg/m³ = 710.775 kg
6) Total Weight of all pillars of the Tent: 710.775 kg х 9 = 6396.975 kg.
7) Total Weight of all sockets for the pillars : (4silver х 17 kg.) + (5copper х 17kg) = 153 kg.
8) Weight of each pillar of the Courtyard (0.225х0.225х2.25)х780 kg/m³ = 0.11390625m³ х 780 kg/m³ = 88.846875 kg.
9) Total Weight of all pillars of the Courtyard: 88.846875 kg. х 60 = 5330.8125 kg.
10) Total Weight of gold for the Tent boards: 20х34 kg. = 680 kg.

Total Weight: 51175.8 kg.+1632 kg+6396.975kg+153kg+5330.8125kg.+680 kg. = 564688.5875kg = 56.46 tonn.





Calculations according to my version.


Shittim Wood = approx. 780 kg/m³
Talent of Gold = approx. 34 kg
Talent of Silver\Copper - approx. half of the Talent of Gold = 17 kg.
Weight of the very large Ox - 1.5 tonn or 1500 kg
Maximum Wagon Drafting Weight of an Ox - approx. 1.5 times of an Ox weight.
Cubit- approx. 45 cm.
Tent Board Dimensions - 1.5х0.0225х10 cubits or 0.675х0.01125х4.5 meters each, out of 50(per my description).
Tent Pillar Dimensions - 1.5х0.225х10 cubits or 0.675х0.01125х4.5 meters each, out of 9
Courtyard Pillars Dimensions - 3х0.225х5 cubits or 1.35х0.01125х2.25 meters each, out of 60
Total Gold for the Tent: (Exodus 38:24) - will take 20 Talents out of 29.
For transporting all this we have had 8 Oxen (Numbers 3:36 and Numbers 7:8)
Lightweight parts, such as tent bars, pins, ropes e.t.c, are not counted since their weight is negligible.


1) 8 large oxen can draft: (1500kg х1.5draft)х8oxen = 18000kg = 18 tonn total 8 wagon draft weight.
2) Weight of each board of the Tent: (0.675х0.01125х4.5)х780 kg/m³ = 0.034171875m³ х 780 kg/m³ = 26.6540625 kg.
3) Total Weight of all 50 boards: 50х26.6540625 kg. = 1332.703125 kg.
4) Total weight of all 96 sockets for Tent boards: 96х17kg = 1632 kg.
5) Weight of each pillar of the Tent: (0.675х0.01125х4.5)х780 kg/m³ = 0.034171875m³ х 780 kg/m³ = 26.6540625 kg.
6) Total Weight of all pillars of the Tent: 26.6540625 kg х 9 = 239.8865625 kg.
7) Total Weight of all sockets for the pillars : (4silver х 17 kg.) + (5copper х 17kg) = 153 kg.
8) Weight of each pillar of the Courtyard (1.35х0.01125х2.25)х780 kg/m³ = 0.034171875m³ х 780 kg/m³ = 26.6540625 kg.
9) Total Weight of all pillars of the Courtyard: 26.6540625 kg. х 60 = 1599.24375 kg.
10) Total Weight of gold for the Tent boards: 20х34 kg. = 680 kg.


Total Weight: 1332.703125 kg. + 1632 kg. + 239.8865625 kg. + 153 kg. + 1599.24375kg + 680 kg. = 5636.8334375kg = 5.63 tonn.

So, basically, if the boards had 1 cubit thickness, it would've been impossible to move them on the provided 8 wagons.
Even if we take wood with lower density and assume higher oxen draft, it would still be impossible.

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