Friday, December 25, 2009

Comparison of the opinions on the Mishkan


Ok, so here is the analysis of the all interpretations of the dimensions of the Mishkan.

Version "A" (Pentateuch version)

1) In agreement with pentateuch.
2) Very light weight of the resulting Mishkan

Version "B" (Talmud\Rav. Nechemyah version)
1) It is impossible logically and mathematically to confirm stated thickness of the boards(1 Cubit) and stated width of the Holly of Holllies(10 cubits). (as per Talmudic/Rashi description)
2) Stated location of the golden and brass clasps of the first and second coverings of the tent do not make any sense. (both per Pentateuch and Talmud)
3) Unmovable weight of the resulting Mishkan.

Version "C" (Rashi\Baraita version)
1) Location of golden clasps of the first covering directly contradicts Pentateuch.
2) Unmovable weight of the resulting Mishkan.

Version "D" (Talmud\Rav. Yehudah)
1) Corner boards do not fit and do not make any sense (Talmud confirms that)
2) Unmovable weight of the resulting Mishkan.

Wednesday, December 23, 2009

Some comparative calculations - Part 3

Cubit - 0.45 m
Weight of a huge Oxen - 1.5 tonns or 1500 kg.
Oxen pulling load - 1.5 times its own weight
Average density of the goat hair fabric - 1314 kg/m³
Bull skin density - 945 kg/m³
Tahach skin density (will take as an equivalent to bull skin density) - 945 kg/m³
Thickness of 1st, 3rd, 4th covering and Internal Veil - will take equal 14 mm
Thickness of 2nd covering, Outside Veil and Courtyard coverings - will take equal 20 mm

It is also known that the sons of Gershom were given 4 Bulls and 2 Carts. (Numb. 3:25-26)
Thus, we can say that the weight of all coverings and veils was half of the weight of all boards,
pillars and sockets of the Mishkan.

In other words, service of the sons of Gershom has weighted half of the service of the sons of
Merari, which is confirmed by the number of Bulls and Carts given to them for transporting.


Therefore we get:

First Tent covering (with cherubs): Volume - 0.326 m³ - Weight - 429.14 kg (214 kg per half-piece)
Second Tent covering (goat hairs fabric): Volume - 0.511 m³ - Weight - 627.67 kg (314 kg per half-piece)
Third Tent covering (skins of bulls): Volume - 0.384 m³ - Weight - 363.74 kg
Forth Tent covering (skins of tahach): Volume - 0.1119 m³ - Weight - 105.81 kg
Internal Veil (with cherubs кырувами): Volume - 0.0291 m³ - Weight - 38.31 kg
Outter Veril (patterned): Volume - 0.03878 m³ - Weight - 50.96 kg
Sixty (60) courtyard coverings: Volume - 0.5817 m³ - Weight - 764.408 kg (12.74 kg per each covering)

Total weight of all coverings and veils: 2425.06 kg or 2.4 tonn.

Four (4) huge Oxen can transport (1500kg х1.5pulling load)х4 Oxen = 9000kg = 9 tonn.
Whereas a more reasonable value would've been around 4 tonns for 4 bulls and 2 carts(see previous post).

Thus the weight of the coverings and veils of the Tabernacle confirms that, the Tabernacle boards should've been much thinner than commonly accepted Talmudic value of 1 cubit.

Some comparative calculations - Part 2

Ok, so a very good real-life load carrying capacity of a pair of bullocks would be 1.5-2 metric tonns. This includes modern materials and design... not bad.

That should put total load carrying capacity of 8 bullocks at, say, 8 tonns ?!
And Talmud says 56 ??? No, Rav. nehemiah opinion is definitelly wrong here.

Here is an example of what the cart might have looked like:

Taken from here: http://www.patentauction.com/patent.php?nb=4062

Wednesday, December 2, 2009

Yet two more images of the Desert Tabernacle



And thou shalt make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; with cherubim the work of the skilful workman shall it be made. And thou shalt hang it upon four(*) pillars of acacia overlaid with gold, their hooks being of gold, upon four sockets of silver. 33 And thou shalt hang up the veil under the clasps, and shalt bring in thither within the veil the ark of the testimony; and the veil shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.
--Exodus 26:31-33
(*) (Only three columns are visible in this image)



And thou shalt make for the screen five pillars of acacia, and overlay them with gold; their hooks shall be of gold; and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them. --Exodus 26:37

Two new images of the Mishkan


And thou shalt make a screen for the door of the Tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the weaver in colours. And thou shalt make for the screen five pillars of acacia, and overlay them with gold; their hooks shall be of gold; and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them. --Exodus 26:36-37


And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the hinder part. And they shall be double beneath, and in like manner they shall be complete unto the top thereof unto the first ring; thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners. --Exodus 26:23-24

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