Friday, January 22, 2010

Exodus 25:29 - The Table of Shewbread: Table Bread - The Shewbread :)

The main purpose of The Golden Table in the sanctuary was to have special Shewbread on it. The description of the Shewbread can be found in Leviticus 24:5-9.

Lets' take a brief look:

Leviticus 24:5-9
5 And thou shalt take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake.
6 And thou shalt set them in two rows, six on a row, upon the pure table before the LORD.
7 And thou shalt put pure frankincense upon each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, even an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
8 Every sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant.
9 And it shall be Aaron's and his sons'; and they shall eat it in the holy place: for it is most holy unto him of the offerings of the LORD made by fire by a perpetual statute.
‎5 ‏וְלָקַחְתָּ֣ סֹ֔לֶת וְאָפִיתָ֣ אֹתָ֔הּ שְׁתֵּ֥ים עֶשְׂרֵ֖ה חַלּ֑וֹת שְׁנֵי֙ עֶשְׂרֹנִ֔ים יִהְיֶ֖ה הַֽחַלָּ֥ה הָאֶחָֽת׃
‎6 ‏וְשַׂמְתָּ֥ אוֹתָ֛ם שְׁתַּ֥יִם מַֽעֲרָכ֖וֹת שֵׁ֣שׁ הַֽמַּעֲרָ֑כֶת עַ֛ל הַשֻּׁלְחָ֥ן הַטָּהֹ֖ר לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָֽה׃
‎7 ‏וְנָתַתָּ֥ עַל־הַֽמַּעֲרֶ֖כֶת לְבֹנָ֣ה זַכָּ֑ה וְהָיְתָ֤ה לַלֶּ֙חֶם֙ לְאַזְכָּרָ֔ה אִשֶּׁ֖ה לַֽיהוָֽה׃
‎8 ‏בְּי֨וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֜ת בְּי֣וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֗ת יַֽעַרְכֶ֛נּוּ לִפְנֵ֥י יְהוָ֖ה תָּמִ֑יד מֵאֵ֥ת בְּנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל בְּרִ֥ית עוֹלָֽם׃
‎9 ‏וְהָֽיְתָה֙ לְאַהֲרֹ֣ן וּלְבָנָ֔יו וַאֲכָלֻ֖הוּ בְּמָק֣וֹם קָדֹ֑שׁ כִּ֡י קֹדֶשׁ֩ קָֽדָשִׁ֨ים ה֥וּא ל֛וֹ מֵאִשֵּׁ֥י יְהוָ֖ה חָק־עוֹלָֽם׃ ס

It is very worthy to point out that each loaf of bread was made out of two tenth(2/10) of an Ephah (or 2 OMERS) - around 600-700g.

It is a common misconception to think that each loaf was made out of two tenth (2/10) of a Homer (Homer being equal to 10 Ephas or ~30kg), because it would put the total weight of all twelve loafs at around 100kg. Not to mention that 12 such loafs simply would not fit onto a relatively small table and its plates.

Besides, it would be overtly excessive to have that much bread (even for the whole week) for relatively small number of priests serving in the sanctuary. After all, the Children of Israel were in the desert and it was not the best place to be wasteful.

Now, lets' take a look at the final verse of the description and onto the Table with the Shewbread on it:

Exodus 25:30

30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway.
‎30 ‏וְנָתַתָּ֧ עַֽל־הַשֻּׁלְחָ֛ן לֶ֥חֶם פָּנִ֖ים לְפָנַ֥י תָּמִֽיד׃ פ



And that is the Table! Enjoy ! :)

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