Saturday, January 30, 2016

When Torah was given and how long it took?

I just wanted to point out when Written Torah was given and how long it took for Moses to receive it.

They came to Mt. Sinai in the third month from Exodus.
YLT Ex 19:1 In the third month of the going out of the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, in this day they have come into the wilderness of Sinai, 
YLT Ex 19:2 and they journey from Rephidim, and enter the wilderness of Sinai, and encamp in the wilderness; and Israel encampeth there before the mount.
Which day it was? The 15th of'course! This is because they left Mizraim on the 15th and not on the 1st.

Then, they spend 3 days there cleansing themselves to receive the 10 commandments.
YLT Ex 19:10 And Jehovah saith unto Moses,  'Go unto the people; and thou hast sanctified them to-day and to-morrow, and they have washed their garments, 
YLT Ex 19:11 and have been prepared for the third day; for on the third day doth Jehovah come down before the eyes of all the people, on mount Sinai.
God waited 7 days to invite Moses to receive Stone Tablets and the Written Torah. Then Moses spend 40 days and nights on the Mount talking to God.
YLT Ex 24:15 And Moses goeth up unto the mount, and the cloud covereth the mount; 
YLT Ex 24:16 and the honour of Jehovah doth tabernacle on mount Sinai, and the cloud covereth it six days, and He calleth unto Moses on the seventh day from the midst of the cloud. 
YLT Ex 24:17 And the appearance of the honour of Jehovah is as a consuming fire on the top of the mount, before the eyes of the sons of Israel; 
YLT Ex 24:18 and Moses goeth into the midst of the cloud, and goeth up unto the mount, and Moses is on the mount forty days and forty nights.
As you can see, total number of days is 3+7+40=50. This is why Jewish tradition mistakenly links giving of the Torah to Counting of Omer (Shavuot), even though Ex 19:1 clearly states that it was in the 3rd month, while Counting of Omer starts in the 1st month.

Therefore, this year, 50 days from the 15thst of the 3rd month = 5th of the 5th Month or July 28, 2017. Traditional date for Shavuot in 2017 is Sivan 6, or May 31, 2017. As you can see, there is a significant difference in a count.

Please note that it is possible to argue that the Torah was finally received only after the second set of Stone Tablets were given, meaning that the actual end of the Giving of the Torah process happened even later (+ another 40 days at least). So it is actually not clear when the Torah was finally given.

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