If you are familiar with my work, you know that I clearly state that the only work prohibited on Shabbat is WORK OF A SLAVE!
The reason why our text reads different is because it was intentionally edited to make the reading more strict to prevent violation of the Shabbat. As I stated also, Hebrews had problems with Shabbat starting from Nehemiah time (Nehemiah 13:15, 19).
Such position is also based on the fact that text is inconsistent when describing what is prohibited on Shabbat and Holy Meetings. I.e work vs. all work vs. all servile work. e.t.c.
So, let's take a look at how 4th commandment should really read like. It is Exodus 20:8-11. Changes are in the bold.
Remember a day of the Rest, to hallow it. Six days you shall be a slave, and do all your work; and a day the seventh is rest unto Yahuah, your God, not you shall do any work (of a slave), you, and your son, and your daughter, your male-slave, and your female-slave, and your beast, and your sojourner who is in your gates; for six days was making Yahuah the Heavens and the Earth, the Sea, and All which is in them, and He ceased in a day the seventh; therefore blessed Yahuah a Day of the Rest, and hallowed it.
Now, let's take a look at Deuteronomy 5:12-15, because it really makes sense there:
Guard a day of the shabbat to keep it holy how instructed you Yahuah, your God. Six days you shall be a slave and do all your work. And day the seventh rest to Yahuah, your God. Not you shall do any work (of a slave). You, and your son, and your daughter, and your male-slave and your female-slave, and your bull, and your donkey, and all your beasts, and your sojourner who is in your gates. So that shall rest your male-slave and your female-slave like you. And you remember that a slave you became in a land of Egypt, and bringing you forth Yahuah, your God, from there by a hand steadfast and by an outstretched arm. Therefore, instructed you Yahuah, your God to do a day of the rest.
As you can see from Deuteronomy verses, "work (of a slave)"(melakha avodah) fits perfectly with "and you remember that a slave you became...". Once you put the word "slave" in the commandment, it starts making perfect sense.
So as you can see, our text is absolutely corrupted. It is possible to restore it, but it would require cooperation of all Hebrews/Jews. This is not a work for me (one man).
Of Course, since I am adding to the Torah here, I can't publish it officially, but I figured a post that touches this subject may help some people. My 10 Commandments page reflects unchanged reading. But I am 99% sure that "all slave work" was the original reading.