Saturday, June 10, 2017

Full Moon 06/09/2017

I took this picture around 10:13 PDT on 06/08/2017. As you can see, the moon is exactly full - a perfect circle with a halo around it. This is most certainly Full Moon Shabbat eve. It was a very nice "strawberry " moon because it had a shade of red to it, especially in the early morning hours.

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Who should wear Tzitzit?

Who should wear Tzitzit? Should women wear tzitzit? Let's take a look at the original text:
YLT Num 15:37 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 
YLT Num 15:38 'Speak unto the sons of Israel, and thou hast said unto them, and they have made for themselves fringes on the skirts of their garments, to their generations, and they have put on the fringe of the skirt a ribbon of blue, 
YLT Num 15:39 and it hath been to you for a fringe, and ye have seen it, and have remembered all the commands of Jehovah, and have done them, and ye search not after your heart, and after your eyes, after which ye are going a-whoring; 
YLT Num 15:40 so that ye remember and have done all My commands, and ye have been holy to your God; 
YLT Num 15:41 I am Jehovah your God, who hath brought you out from the land of Egypt to become your God; I, Jehovah, am your God.'
As you can see from the verses above, the text clearly states "sons". This is because the word "בני" (bni) is most certainly masculine, even the Masoretic Pointing says that it is masculine noun. In all places in the Torah where this word is used it is always masculine, so it most certainly refers only to men.

However, women are ALSO REQUIRED TO WEAR TZITZIT. The whole point of Tzitzit is to remind us about the commandments of God, so it would be strange that women would be excluded from this commandment. This is confirmed by Leviticus 11:2, Exodus 31:13, Leviticus 23:2 where the same terminology (sons of Israel) is used, yet no one would think that these commands apply only to men. Therefore, even though the commandment is addressed to men, we are to understand that it applies BOTH TO MEN AND WOMEN !!!

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

Blog Polls Results

Here are the complete results of numerous polls that I did in the last 6 month. Enjoy!


Saturday, June 3, 2017

Half Moon 06/01/2017

I took this picture @ 9:35PM PDT on 06/01/2017. As you can see, the moon is exactly half. As I have discussed in my previous moon observation, conjunction does not necessarily fall on the eve of Shabbat. As far as I can tell, the phase is visible within 5% from conjunction, meaning that the moon is visibly half from 45%-55%.

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Touching Unclean Animals

We know the Law commands to not eat unclean animals, but additionally, we are commanded to not touch unclean beasts when they are dead. However, living unclean animals are not a problem.

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] My friends seem to see some kind of inconsistency in the text, however, the meaning of the text is pretty clear. Even if the text does not say "to touch" dead unclean swarmers or creepers, it most certainly implies that. Touching a dead mice or even cockroach would make you unclean until the evening and you have to wash yourself as well.

Tuesday, May 30, 2017

Did Moses Have Horns?

When Moses came down from the mountain, most translations tell us his face shone. This scared the Israelites, so Moses started wearing a veil when he spoke with them. However, the word "qaran" is indeed literally used to refer to horns in the text.

(Thumbnail graphic from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] Traditional translation is more or less correct. In this case, the word "qaran" or "horns" means "rays", so Moses's face shone out rays of light or energy. Below is the best visualization I could find. Thumbnail graphics on my friend's video is another good illustration of what was going on.

The Provision for the Needy in the Torah

Farming practices are commanded in the Law to ensure the provision of the needy, the poor, and the sojourner. The edges of the field and the gleaning of the vineyard are to be left for them. Furthermore, there is a general provision in Deuteronomy for a person to eat their satisfaction from the field of their neighbor, and Deuteronomy also commands the "year of the tithe" to provide access in the gates to the Levite, sojourner, orphan, and widow.

(Thumbnail graphic from public domain)

Saturday, May 27, 2017

Is the Law a Burden, or is Change a Burden?

The concept of something being "burdensome" is largely subjective. We all have different ways of living, and we all have patterns of behaviors. If a person's ways of living are vastly different than the ways of the Torah, then the Law will inherently be perceived as more burdensome to that person than it would to someone else. If we are seeking to serve God with all of our being and if we recognize the Law is what He commanded, then the issue of whether it is a "burden" or not becomes less relevant. The question is, are we going to take the effort to make the change to do what is right?

Misappropriation of the Tithe and Its Biblical Purpose

Are we supposed to give 10% of our income to the church? Where does this come from? What are the actual biblical criteria and purposes for the tithe? The Levites are to be given the tithe as their inheritance in exchange for their work in the Tent of Meeting.

Photo by: via #FFCU

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] I am the verified Levite who actually studies Torah and Tabernacle, so you can donate your tithes to me if you want to observe this commandment. I am the only Levite in the world AFAIK who is eligible to receive the tithe due to my work on the Tabernacle and my connection to it.

Do You Really Know that You're a Gentile?

Many biblical teachings simply assume that people have Gentile ancestry, but how much information do we really have about our ancestors? We may have traditions about where our family came from, but where did their ancestors before them come from?

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] Rabbis have changed the Law to determine the lineage by a mother instead of the father. This has been going on for the last 2000 years, which created a situation where some Jews do not have the Jewish blood and some non-Jews have the Jewish blood. Complete confusion.
Please see this page for more information about who is considered Hebrew.

Monday, May 22, 2017

Remembering What Amalek Did in the Way

We are commanded in Deuteronomy 25:17 to remember what Amalek did. As the Israelites were brought out with signs and wonders, God made it evident He was with them. Even though that was the case, Amalek still came and attacked the Israelites. Israel had to take decisive action themselves to resolve the situation. What might we consider from this situation? 

(Graphic from public domain)

Friday, May 19, 2017

The Torah Does Not Command a Temple

Read with me what the Torah says about the rituals and sacrifices. These commands are very specific and precise, and we wouldn't substitute a bull for a goat or a fish for a dove. We should also recognize WHERE the Torah tells us to do these rituals.

(Thumbnail graphic from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] Check out the article on the same subject as well as my Importance of the Tabernacle page.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Torah Legal System: 2 or 3 Witnesses

There is a high standard for evidence in legal cases in the Torah. While eye-for-an-eye is a part of the Torah law, it is not a matter of vigilante justice or mobs, but it is a matter of the official legal system involving officially appointed judges, evidence, and cross-examination.

(Thumbnail graphic from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] Torah's justice system is most certainly righteous and absolutely civilized. I think normal people would agree with me that keeping a murderer on death row for 10 years and then executing him by questionable means is much less humane than quick stoning. Torah system proposes swift and severe punishments for some offences for a good reason - so that people would see and fear not to do these horrible things.

Monday, May 15, 2017

Not Eating the Blood, but Spilling it as Water

The Law repeatedly commands us to not eat blood, either of mammal or bird. How do we go about removing the blood by the commands? What is the textual requirement? Are we supposed to wash meat until all the iron-based pigment is gone, or soak it for hours or days in salt water, or cut out all the vessels, or are we just supposed to drain the blood?

(Thumbnail graphic derived from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] So always look into the text for answers to these questions. All answers are in the text if you read it slowly and carefully, accounting for every word.

Saturday, May 13, 2017

Did the Israelites Eat Quail in the Wilderness? Raising More Questions

This is an update on my early Clean and Unclean video. Was the corn crake considered a type of quail? Is the Arabic "salwa" evidence for quail or evidence against quail? Do we just assume the Latin translation and tradition was right? In my opinion, the answers are not yet clear, and this issue deserves further research.

Corn crake picture derived from photo by Ron Knight from Seaford, East Sussex, United Kingdom (Corn Crake (Crex crex)), via Wikimedia Commons

Quail picture derived from photo by Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez (Lmbuga Commons)(Lmbuga Galipedia) Publicada por/Publish by: Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez (Own work) [GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] I think that traditional "quail" translation is correct. However, my friend is absolutely right when he says that we do not really know what these words mean. Unless the Torah Hebrew becomes a living(spoken) language again, we will not be able to tell for sure. Please check out my trilinear pentateuch as SP shows a slight difference in Exodus 16:13, which provides additional clues as to what this word may be.

Friday, May 12, 2017

The "Old" Covenant was not Annulled, but is Remembered!

Leviticus 26:41-45 states that even though Israel will violate His Law and break the covenant and be thrown out of the land of Canaan, God will NOT nullify the covenant, but instead He will remember the Mosaic Covenant when Israel repents. Righteousness and mercy were already present with the Law (Deuteronomy 6:25, 7:9). The "old" covenant is actually the Current Covenant.

(Thumbnail graphic derived from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] It is unclear from the Torah how this last redemption will happen. Is it going to be another Exodus? Or is it going to be something else? I will write about this issue in the next season of my blog.

It's not just "Jews and Gentiles", there's also the rest of Israel

The term "Jew" is not synonymous with "Israelite". The Jews represent primarily one single tribe of Israel. All Jews are Israelites, but not all Israelites are Jews. There are also the ten lost tribes and the Levites, the rest of Israel. The rest of the tribes are still out there, even though they have lost their identities, and they are still our brethren.

(Thumbnail graphic derived from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] My friend oversimplifies the explanation. There are total of 13 Tribes of Israel. 13 - Jews - Levites = 11 Lost Tribes. Although some say that there is a group of people in Israel that associates themselves with Benjaminites, so perhaps it is indeed only 10 lost tribes and we know the three.

Also, the proper term for Israelites is Hebrews. This is how they called us (properly) in Soviet Union and present day Russia. So every Jew is a Hebrew but not every Hebrew is a Jew. I am not Jewish for example - I am a Levite. But I am still Hebrew just like all the Jews.

Friday, May 5, 2017

Yarmulke, Kippah, and Headcoverings: Not Commanded

While head coverings are a stereotypical Jewish observance, they are not actually commanded in the written Torah for the general public. These traditions are simply traditions, not requirements.

(Photo for thumbnail derived from work by Laliv Gal via the PikiWiki - Israel free image collection project)

Thursday, May 4, 2017

Causing to Return Loose and Straying Animals

In Exodus 23:4, we are commanded to cause to return a bull or donkey belonging to our enemy if we meet it in the way. If there is not an obvious way to contact the owner, I suggest a solution that will cause the animal to be returned to its owner.

(Thumbnail graphic is from public domain)

Half-Moon 05/03/2017

I took this picture around 8PM PDT on 05/03/2017. As you can see the moon is exactly half. The moon stays "in phase" within a day from conjunctions, which is why I was able to take this picture almost 24 hours after the conjunction. As you can see, the moon is still visibly half. This is normal for months at the beginning and at the middle of the year due to the moon cycle.

Here is a picture for comparison: I took this picture during the conjunction on 05/02/2017 @ 8pm PDT. As you can see, the picture above is almost identical. The moon still looks half. This means that the moon phase lasts approximately 3 days, conjunction being in the middle. So we can all three days for the Shabbat. Exact day depends on the alignment of other conjunctions (phases).

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Alcohol and Drunkenness: Permitted in the Law

Alcohol is generally permitted by the Torah. There are no general prohibitions for the public regarding drinking alcohol or being drunk. Some alcoholic beverages do have kosher concerns, but the issue of drinking itself, regardless of whether we consider it unwise or unhealthy, is not forbidden.

(Photo for thumbnail art by Bart Everson (Flickr: Liquor) [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] I think the most important verse is Leviticus 10:10. Alcohol affects your judgement so that you stop to differentiate between good and bad. While this may have useful practical purposes when done in moderation and when appropriate,  it is most certainly a very bad idea to drink at work or even when at home. So while there are no explicit prohibition, the consequences of alcohol use usually bear negative connotations in the Torah. Please see this and this  and this posts for more information.

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Water into Blood Explained

Here are couple of recent articles on this natural phenomenon. As you can see, it occurs in nature by itself.

So as you can see from the above articles, water into blood phenomenon is very common in nature. The reason why it was called a wonder in the Torah was because it was happening at the command of Moses and God. Otherwise, there was no "magic" or anything illogical or "miraculous" about it, which is why the Pharaohs scientists could replicate this phenomenon as well.

So one can say that it was not God per se who was punishing the Mizraim, it was the nature itself bloating the Mizraim out of existence.

Each human being is a biological entity and we all interconnected with each other and with nature that surrounds us (God). So if we live unrighteous lives we become out of sync with nature and it bloats us out like it did with Mizraim. This behavior is similar in all living organisms, from simple ones like a bacteria to the complex one like the humans.

So choose to live according to the Written Torah, the law that nature itself manifested in the written form for us to follow. This way you will be in sync with nature (God) and the nature (God) will protect you from harm because you are useful to it and in sync with it.

Monday, May 1, 2017

3 Steps in Starting to Observe the Law

We have realized that God's commandments are good and right in His sight, and that we want to seek after what He has asked. But where do we start? I suggest a three step approach: 1. Stop working on the Sabbath, 2. Get rid of graven images of gods, 3. Set habits to ensure we continue learning the law.

Links referenced in the video:
US Employment Law:

Graven Image Issues playlist:

Index of Torah commands:

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] I would also add that one needs to be circumcised to perform some of the commandments. I.e. Passover. And it is also helpful to listen to the entire Written Torah at least once a year. We are commanded to do it every 7 years but doing it more often would not hurt imho. The recordings are available on the right sidebar of this blog or at the What is the Written Torah page.

Sunday, April 30, 2017

Israelite and Tribal Ancestry are both through the Father's Line

Is an Israelite defined by their father's line or their mother's line? Is tribal identification through the male, patrilineal origin? Instead of relying upon rabbinic traditions, let's look at how the issue is handled in the law and in the exodus narrative.

(Thumbnail graphic from public domain)

[Aleksandr Sigalov:] Nice point about Shaul married to Canaanitess (Exodus 6:15). Please see this and this and this post for more information.

Friday, April 28, 2017

Why we SHOULD NOT wait for Messiah?

Because the entire generation of Messiah will be destroyed by God for unrighteousness. This is what Torah says:
YLT Num 26:65 for Jehovah said of them,  'They do certainly die in the wilderness;'  and there hath not been left of them a man save Caleb son of Jephunneh, and Joshua son of Nun.
YLT Num 14:32 as to you--your carcases do fall in this wilderness, 
YLT Num 14:33 and your sons are evil in the wilderness forty years, and have borne your whoredoms till your carcases are consumed in the wilderness; 
YLT Num 14:34 by the number of the days in which ye spied the land, forty days,--a day for a year, a day for a year--ye do bear your iniquities, forty years, and ye have known my breaking off; 
YLT Num 14:35 I am Jehovah, I have spoken; if I do not this to all this evil company who are meeting against me;--in this wilderness they are consumed, and there they die.'
As you can see, if we will wait for Messiah, the generation that will see him will die for the unrighteousness. This is at least 1000000 dead. Is that what we really want?

To avert this disaster, we must immediately return to God and His Written Torah. We must put away religion and foreign traditions and return to God and His Law. We MUST DO IT ON OUR OWN !!!

I hope now it is clear that it is a very bad idea to wait for Messiah.

About Genesis 39:1

I wanted to draw your attention to Genesis 39:1, where the rare word סריס (sawreece) should be translated as "officer" or "minister" and most certainly NOT as "eunuch".

The reason why we can't translate "sawreece" as "eunuch" is because Genesis 39:7 clearly states that Potifar had a wife. Why would eunuch had a wife? It does not make sense, so we have no other choice but to translate it as "officer" or "minister".

In the Torah, the word "sawreece" is used twice: in Genesis 37:36 and Genesis 39:1. But everywhere else in NK it also means "officer" or "minister". Eunuch simply does not make sense in some of the verses. This is another argument in favor of my interpretation.

So this is how correct Genesis 39:1 should look like:
AV Gn 39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither.
Torah uses a completely different expression to refer to those who do not have testicles. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 23:1 'One wounded, bruised, or cut in the member doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah;
So there is no one word equivalent to a eunuch in Torah Hebrew. As you can see from the verse above, Torah uses several words to describe cut off testicles. 

Thursday, April 27, 2017

New Moon 04/27/2017

I took this picture around 8 PM PDT. As you can see moon is about 4% which means that today was indeed New Moon Shabbat and the 1st of the 2nd Month.

Today is the earliest day the Counting of Omer could begin because it is the first COMPLETE Shabbat after the Feast of Unleavened and because it is close to the time of the harvest in Canaan.

Since I am not in Canaan, I am not obligated to celebrate the holiday. I still observe 1st and 50th on arbitrary Shabbats as you can see from my calendar here. Like I said in my blog, the High Priest would determine the Shabbat of the 1st of the Counting of Omer. Since there is no Tabernacle and no High Priest, we do not have to celebrate the holiday. As far as I understand, Hebrews did not observe it in the desert during the 40 years of wanderings either. This is not the call to not observe the Torah, this is just how things are. We simply can't observe the Counting of Omer at this time.

If you are in Canaan, you can probably observe it, but once again there is no High Priest so the observance will be arbitrary and not in its appointed time.

This is why it is very important to restore the Tabernacle and the Levitical Priesthood.

Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Does Torah allow converts?

No. In short, Torah DOES NOT allow people to convert, except the two specific nations. However, Torah's does provide ways for outsiders to join the faith. Let's take a look:
YLT Ex 12:48 'And when a sojourner sojourneth with thee, and hath made a passover to Jehovah, every male of his is to be circumcised, and then he doth come near to keep it, and he hath been as a native of the land, but any uncircumcised one doth not eat of it; 
YLT Ex 12:49 one law is to a native, and to a sojourner who is sojourning in your midst.' 
YLT Lv 19:34 as a native among you is the sojourner to you who is sojourning with you, and thou hast had love to him as to thyself, for sojourners ye have been in the land of Egypt; I am Jehovah your God. 
YLT Num 9:14 'And when a sojourner sojourneth with you, then he hath prepared a passover to Jehovah, according to the statute of the passover, and according to its ordinance, so he doth; one statute is to you, even to a sojourner, and to a native of the land.' 
YLT Num 15:13 every native doth thus with these, at bringing near a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to Jehovah; 
YLT Num 15:14 and when a sojourner sojourneth with you, or whoso is in your midst to your generations, and he hath made a fire-offering of sweet fragrance to Jehovah, as ye do so he doth. 
YLT Num 15:15 'One statute is for you of the congregation and for the sojourner who is sojourning, a statute age-during to your generations: as ye are so is the sojourner before Jehovah; 
YLT Num 15:16 one law and one ordinance is to you and to the sojourner who is sojourning with you.'
So, as the verses above state, Torah allows ANYONE to sojourn in the midst of the Children of Israel. The only requirement is that the sojourner lives according to the Written Torah. For example, the best verse from ones above is Leviticus 19:34, where it says explicitly that "as a native among you is the sojourner to you who is sojourning with you", which means that the only difference between the sojourner and native is that the natives are entitled to the Land allotment, while a sojourner has to purchase what is available and they can't own their land. Otherwise, as Torah states, there is no difference.

Aside from that there are two more classes of people the Torah talks about. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 23:7 'Thou dost not abominate an Edomite, for thy brother he is; thou dost not abominate an Egyptian, for a sojourner thou hast been in his land; 
YLT Dt 23:8 sons who are begotten of them, a third generation of them, doth enter into the assembly of Jehovah.
So as you can see, only two nations were explicitly allowed to convert, namely Edomites and Egyptians. The first two generations of them would be considered as sojourners (gers). The third generation of them, however, could become Hebrews and be considered natives. They would be allowed to be a part of the Assembly of the Hebrews (Numbers 15:15) which is differing from being a sojourner, so that they could be entitled to Land inheritance just like Hebrews.

Some nations and classes of people were NOT allowed to ever convert to the Hebrews. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 23:1 'One wounded, bruised, or cut in the member doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; 
YLT Dt 23:2 a foreigner doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; even a tenth generation of him doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah. 
YLT Dt 23:3  'An Ammonite and a Moabite doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; even a tenth generation of them doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah--to the age; 
YLT Dt 23:4 because that they have not come before you with bread and with water in the way, in your coming out from Egypt, and because he hath hired against thee Balaam son of Beor, of Pethor of Aram-Naharaim, to revile thee; 
YLT Dt 23:5 and Jehovah thy God hath not been willing to hearken unto Balaam, and Jehovah thy God doth turn for thee the reviling to a blessing, because Jehovah thy God hath loved thee; 
YLT Dt 23:6 thou dost not seek their peace and their good all thy days--to the age.
As you can see from these verses, everything is pretty clear except maybe Deuteronomy 23:2. Let's take a look who the "foreigners" are...
YLT Lv 22:10 'And no stranger doth eat of the holy thing; a settler of a priest and an hireling doth not eat of the holy thing; 
YLT Lv 22:11 and when a priest buyeth a person, the purchase of his money, he doth eat of it, also one born in his house; they do eat of his bread. 
YLT Lv 22:12  'And a priest's daughter, when she is a strange man's,--she, of the heave-offering of the holy things doth not eat; 
YLT Lv 22:13 and a priest's daughter, when she is a widow, or cast out, and hath no seed, and hath turned back unto the house of her father, as in her youth, of her father's bread she doth eat; but no stranger doth eat of it. 
YLT Ex 12:43 And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron,  'This is a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it; 
YLT Ex 12:44 and any man's servant, the purchase of money, when thou hast circumcised him--then he doth eat of it; 
YLT Ex 12:45 a settler or hired servant doth not eat of it; 
YLT Lv 22:25 And from the hand of a son of a stranger ye do not bring near the bread of your God, of any of these, for their corruption is in them; blemish is in them; they are not pleasing for you.' 
YLT Dt 14:21 'Ye do not eat of any carcase; to the sojourner who is within thy gates thou dost give it, and he hath eaten it; or sell it to a stranger; for a holy people thou art to Jehovah thy God; thou dost not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 
YLT Dt 15:3 of the stranger thou mayest exact, and that which is thine with thy brother doth thy hand release;
So, as you can see, there are many types of people Torah mentions. And there are different rules for different groups, even though the requirement to the obedience of the Written Torah is similar to all groups.

What other objects were in the Holy of Holies of the Tabernacle?

Once the Tabernacle was constructed and assembled, the Holy of Holies part of the Tabernacle contained ONLY the Ark of the Covenant with the 2 Stone Tablets inside of it! However, during the desert wanderings, God has commanded to add additional objects into the Holy of Holies. 

Let's take a look at what was added to the Holy of Holies, because these objects are rarely get mentioned.

First object that was added was the Jar of Manna:
YLT Ex 16:32 And Moses saith,  'This is the thing which Jehovah hath commanded: Fill the omer with it, for a charge for your generations, so that they see the bread which I have caused you to eat in the wilderness, in My bringing you out from the land of Egypt.' 
YLT Ex 16:33 And Moses saith unto Aaron,  'Take one pot, and put there the fulness of the omer of manna, and let it rest before Jehovah, for a charge for your generations;' 
YLT Ex 16:34 as Jehovah hath given commandment unto Moses, so doth Aaron let it rest before the Testimony, for a charge. 
YLT Ex 16:35 And the sons of Israel have eaten the manna forty years, until their coming in unto the land to be inhabited; the manna they have eaten till their coming in unto the extremity of the land of Canaan.
So the Jar of Manna was added to the Holy of Holies room together with the Ark of the Covenant. PLEASE NOTE that the Jar of Manna WAS OUTSIDE OF THE ARK, right next to it. NOT INSIDE like some traditions claim.

According to Exodus 16:1 and Exodus 16:30, this had happened on the 15th+7=22nd of the 2nd Month from Exodus from Mitzrayim.

The second object was the Rod of Aaron. After the rebellion of Korach, God has commanded the following:
YLT Num 17:10 And Jehovah saith unto Moses,  'Put back the rod of Aaron, before the testimony, for a charge, for a sign to the sons of rebellion, and thou dost remove their murmurings from off me, and they do not die;'
YLT Num 17:11 and Moses doth as Jehovah hath commanded him; so he hath done.
It is interesting to note that rebellion of Korach affected the Altar of Burnt Offering too. The special Copper Lid was added to the Altar. See this post.

So as you can see, there were two extra objects in the Holy of Holies room. The Jar of Manna and Aaron's Rod. This is aside from the Ark of the Covenant with the 10 commandments in it.

The third object was the Torah Scroll itself. Let's take a look at the text:
CLV Dt 31:24 It came to be as Moses concluded writing all the words of this law on a scroll until they were finished, 
CLV Dt 31:25 that Moses instructed the Levites, the carriers of the coffer of the covenant of Yahweh, saying: 
CLV Dt 31:26 You are to take this scroll of the law, and you must place it by the side of the coffer of the covenant of Yahweh your Elohim, and it will come to be there as a testimony against you, 
CLV Dt 31:27 for I know your rebellion and your scruff of obstinacy. Behold in my day, while I am still with you alive, you have been rebellious against Yahweh, indeed, how much more so after my death!

Please also see this post for one more object of the Tabernacle.

Treasury of the Tabernacle

Apparently, the Tabernacle had a treasury. So aside from the Ark, Aaron's Rod and a Jar of Manna, there was also a pile of Gold in the Tabernacle. Let's take a look at what the Text says: 
YLT Num 31:48 And the inspectors whom the thousands of the host hath, (heads of the thousands and heads of the hundreds), draw near unto Moses, 
YLT Num 31:49 and they say unto Moses,  'Thy servants have taken up the sum of the men of war who are with us, and not a man of us hath been missed; 
YLT Num 31:50 and we bring near Jehovah's offering, each that which he hath found, vessels of gold--chain, and bracelet, seal-ring, ear-ring, and bead--to make atonement for ourselves before Jehovah.' 
YLT Num 31:51 And Moses receiveth--Eleazar the priest also--the gold from them, every made vessel, 
YLT Num 31:52 and all the gold of the heave-offering which they have lifted up to Jehovah is sixteen thousand seven hundred and fifty shekels, from heads of the thousands, and from heads of the hundreds; 
YLT Num 31:53 (the men of the host have spoiled each for himself); 
YLT Num 31:54 and Moses taketh--Eleazar the priest also--the gold from the heads of the thousands and of the hundreds, and they bring it in unto the tent of meeting--a memorial for the sons of Israel before Jehovah.
As you can see from the underlined verse, the Gold of ransom from the war with Midianites was put inside the Tabernacle for a memorial. So basically speaking, there was a pile of Gold in the Tabernacle. Kind of like a little treasury. This interesting fact is very rarely discussed or even mentioned. 

The only thing that is not clear from the description is where this pile of Gold was located inside the Tabernacle? Most likely it was in the Holy of Holies as all other artefacts. Although it is possible that it was in the Holy Place part of the Tabernacle.

Please see this post for other artefacts of the Tabernacle.

What does Mamzer mean?

Let's take a look at Deuteronomy 23:2. What does the word Mamzer (ממזר) mean?
YLT Dt 23:2 a bastard doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah; even a tenth generation of him doth not enter into the assembly of Jehovah.
Traditional translation of this word is obviously incorrect. Here is why:

Mamzer really means “a foreigner” or “an alien”. For example, see Deuteronomy 25:5 or Numbers 17:5(16:40). It has nothing to do with wedlock or incest like traditional translations suggest (although incestous people are mentioned in the following verses. See Deuteronomy 23:4 (3).

So basically, the word mamzer means the same thing as the word "nakar". I.e Exodus 12:43, Deut 14:21, Deut 23:20. Usually, this refers to a person who is not circumcised, who does not live according to the Written Torah and who is from another country.

Unfortunately, this word used in the Written Torah only once in Deut 23:2, so there is no other verses we can compare for definitive meaning. The only place where the word ממזר is used is Zechariah 9:6 in the Book of Prophets of the TaNaKh so we have to be careful. Let's take a look:
YLT Zch 9:6 And dwelt hath a foreigner in Ashdod, And I have cut off the excellency of the Philistines.
Young himself admits that the word Mamzer can't be translated as "bastard" in this verse and therefore he translates it correctly as "a foreigner".

Therefore, correct meaning of the word Mamzer in Hebrew would be "a foreigner".

Who wrote the Torah and when?

The Written Torah was written by God Himself and given to Moses on Mt. Sinai by approximately the 20th of the 4th month since Exodus from Mitzrayim. See Exodus 24:12, 32:32 and this post.

According to Exodus 24:12, Moses got the 2 Stone Tablets with the 10 Commandments upon them and the scroll of the Written Torah written by God Himself. This was it and there was nothing else given.

We are explicitly commanded in the Written Torah to follow only what is written in the Torah Scroll ONLY !!! Deuteronomy 28:58, 28:61, 29:21, 30:10

It is interesting to note that Moses made copies of the original Torah as well. See Deuteronomy 31:24.

This means that Moses was aware of the entire Torah, which included the description of his death, so it was most certainly a prophetic revelation.

When we are commanded to blow the Shofar?

We are actually commanded to blow 2 Silver Trumpets (not Shofars) that are supposed to remind us of the Shofar-like sound that happened when God talked to the whole nation at the Mt. Sinai. See Exodus 19:16, 19:19 and 20:18

We are also commanded to blow these 2 Silver Trumpets ON EVERY SHABBAT AND HOLY MEETING as well as other occasions. Not just on Yom Teruah. The difference in the procedure is that on Yom Teruah we make the Trumpets go through the whole land(Lev 25:9), while on Shabbats, Holy Meetings and other occasions we would blow the Trumpets locally.  Let's take a look:
YLT Num 10:2  'Make to thee two trumpets of silver; beaten work thou dost make them, and they have been to thee for the convocation of the company, and for the journeying of the camps; 
YLT Num 10:3 and they have blown with them, and all the company have met together unto thee, unto the opening of the tent of meeting. 
YLT Num 10:4 And if with one they blow, then have the princes, heads of the thousands of Israel, met together unto thee; 
YLT Num 10:5  'And ye have blown--a shout, and the camps which are encamping eastward have journeyed. 
YLT Num 10:6  'And ye have blown--a second shout, and the camps which are encamping southward have journeyed; a shout they blow for their journeys. 
YLT Num 10:7  'And in the assembling of the assembly ye blow, and do not shout; 
YLT Num 10:8 and sons of Aaron, the priests, blow with the trumpets; and they have been to you for a statute age-during to your generations. 
YLT Num 10:9  'And when ye go into battle in your land against the adversary who is distressing you, then ye have shouted with the trumpets, and ye have been remembered before Jehovah your God, and ye have been saved from your enemies. 
YLT Num 10:10  'And in the day of your gladness, and in your appointed seasons, and in the beginnings of your months, ye have blown also with the trumpets over your burnt-offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace-offerings, and they have been to you for a memorial before your God; I, Jehovah, am your God.' 
Please note that traditionally, religious Jews blow the Shofar as commanded only on Yom Teruah (Day of the Blast). However, as you can see from the verses above, it has to be done much more often. And we are supposed to blow 2 Silver Trumpets and not the actual Shofar (Horn of a Ram).

Also, please note that ONLY THE PRIESTS CAN BLOW THE TRUMPETS. Once again, only Levitical Priests have the authority to proclaim these events, not some rabbis or some other impostor authorities.

What is the most fundamental difference between the Written Torah and the rest of the Bible?

Written Torah was written by God Himself. See Exodus 24:12, 32:32. All other books of the Bible were written by men.

Books of NK (Neviim / Ketuviim aka Prophets and Writings) are simply fairy tales that should NOT be believed or taken seriously. Even their historical value is questionable because there are no other confirming witnesses that could corroborate the stories of the NK. This is the most fundamental difference between the two.

Another fundamental difference is that Written Torah is explicit and clear that any other book that was declared holy or divinely inspired is prohibited and violates Deuteronomy 4:2 command. Written Torah explicitly commands to follow ONLY ITSELF !!! See Deuteronomy 28:58, 28:61, 29:21, 30:10.

So if you want to follow the true Word of God, follow only the Written Torah!

What does Rainbow mean? What is the Rainbow?

What is the Rainbow? What does Rainbow mean?

Well, the answer is as usual is found directly in the Written Torah. Let's take a look?
YLT Gn 9:8 And God speaketh unto Noah, and unto his sons with him, saying, 
YLT Gn 9:9 'And I, lo, I am establishing My covenant with you, and with your seed after you, 
YLT Gn 9:10 and with every living creature which is with you, among fowl, among cattle, and among every beast of the earth with you, from all who are going out of the ark--to every beast of the earth. 
YLT Gn 9:11 And I have established My covenant with you, and all flesh is not any more cut off by waters of a deluge, and there is not any more a deluge to destroy the earth.' 
YLT Gn 9:12 And God saith,  'This is a token of the covenant which I am giving between Me and you, and every living creature that is with you, to generations age-during; 
YLT Gn 9:13 My bow I have given in the cloud, and it hath been for a token of a covenant between Me and the earth; 
YLT Gn 9:14 and it hath come to pass (in My sending a cloud over the earth) that the bow hath been seen in the cloud, 
YLT Gn 9:15 and I have remembered My covenant which is between Me and you, and every living creature among all flesh, and the waters become no more a deluge to destroy all flesh; 
YLT Gn 9:16 and the bow hath been in the cloud, and I have seen it--to remember the covenant age-during between God and every living creature among all flesh which is on the earth.' 
YLT Gn 9:17 And God saith unto Noah,  'This is a token of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is upon the earth.'
As you can see from the verses above, the Rainbow is a sign of the covenant between all living beings (all flesh) and Yahuah God so as to not destroy the Earth with the Waters of the Flood again. Rainbow is a reminder to us and to God of the covenant.

Why Jews have abandoned the Written Torah?

Written Torah prophesied through Moses that Hebrews will abandon the Written Torah. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 31:29 for I have known that after my death ye do very corruptly, and have turned aside out of the way which I commanded you, and evil hath met you in the latter end of the days, because ye do the evil thing in the eyes of Jehovah, to make Him angry with the work of your hands.'
As you can see, Moses and God knew about what was going to happen after Moses's death and after Hebrews will enter Canaan.

The question that pops up is this: Why did this happen? Did not generation of Moses or Joshua knew better? Why Hebrews strayed away from the path of the Torah in a matter of two generations?

Well, the answer I guess would be simple...even though their leaders understood what Torah is, the majority of the people did not. So it was unavoidable that Hebrews would abandon the Torah because they got corrupted by their own success while they were observant of the Torah. After all, Hebrews were the first to apply Torah for social order and it was only the first attempt in the world to do something like this. No wonder that the first time did not work out very well.

To put it plainly, Hebrews got bored from all the greatness and glory that God brought them and they have decided to try to go back to their old ways of Mitzrayim and other nations.

Thank God, Torah also prophesies that in the end of days Hebrews will return again back to God and Torah, and like any smart people they will not make the same mistake again and there will be peace in Canaan and on Earth forever.

The missing piece in the Theory of Everything.

I just wanted to share a revelation with you about state of modern science today.

All these scientists, from physicists to astronomers, are so desperately looking to explain the universe, yet they constantly fail in their quest. Why?

Well, this is because all these "scientists" are not smart to realize that the reason why they fail is because they are not including in their equations the most important and fundamental constant there is - One God!

I am more than sure that once they will do that, they will be easily explain and complete the Theory of Everything in every scientific discipline.

God, Torah and Science are a whole and they can never be separated from each other. Any wise and rational person should understand that! Especially those who call themselves Scientists.

Did they know Torah better than us 2000 years ago?

One of the common misconceptions about the Torah is that we do not understand it as well as Pharisaic sages did or people who lived during the 2nd Temple Period when all 3 witnesses of the Torah we have today were written.

For example, one argument that I have heard is that Septuagint should be considered valuable because people who wrote it knew Hebrew much better than we did.

This is of'course not true and here is why...

When the 2nd Temple was destroyed and Jews were completely and finally exiled from Canaan for good, it was the LOWEST point in the history of the Jewish people. This is because of the exile. Had they actually knew Torah and the language, they wouldn't have been exiled from the land. But as we know, they were exiled exactly because of their ignorance of the Torah and because they lost the knowledge of the language of the Torah.

For example, you can check out my Corner Boards article to see what the word תאמים (taamim - coupled) really means in Exodus 26:24. However, in Septuagint, the word is being translated as ἴσου (equal), which is not correct translation of this Hebrew word. So as you can see, it is most certainly clear that they knew Hebrew worse 2000 years ago than we do now. Not to mention that 2000 years ago they did not have computers that greatly help with understanding of the correct meaning of the Torah words through comparative analysis.

How does Torah define lineage?

There are two components to the way the Torah defines lineage:
  1. Blood
  2. Patrilineal descent
In order to be considered Hebrew, one has to have the blood of the Hebrew. And your lineage is most certainly defined by the father's blood, not mother's blood like rabbis wrongly teach.

So it is the blood of the Father or, as Torah puts it - "the House of the Father" (i.e Numbers 1:2).

The reason why blood is a requirement to be considered Hebrew is because of the Land Inheritance given to us by God. So Torah DOES NOT allow converts. One can sojourn(Exodus 12:48-49) or even be a part of congregation (Deut 23:7-8) but the only way to get Land Inheritance would be to prove that you have Hebrew blood. If Torah allowed converts, eventually the whole world would want to convert and there simply would be no space in Canaan for everyone to live.

Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife

There is an argument going around that the 10th commandment implies, among other things, that we are not allowed to have "dirty" sexual thoughts. Let's take a look at what commandment really says:
CLV Ex 20:17 You shall not covet the house of your associate. You shall not covet the wife of your associate, his field, his servant or his maidservant, his bull, his donkey or anything which is your associate's. 
CLV Dt 5:21 You shall not covet the wife of your associate. You shall not lust after the house of your associate, his field, his servant or his maidservant, his bull, his donkey or anything which is your associate's.
CLV Dt 7:25 You shall burn the carvings of their elohim with fire. You shall not covet the silver and gold on them or take it for yourselves, lest you be trapped by it, for it is an abhorrence to Yahweh your Elohim.
These three verses are the only places in the Written Torah where the word תחמד - tachmod - "to covet" is used. 

As you can see from the above quote, only in two places the word in question can be interpreted to have a sexual connotation. In all other places the meaning of the word "covet" is NON-SEXUAL and refers only to goods or property, i.e silver and gold.

So the question here is if we can interpret "You shall not covet the wife of your associate," in a sexual context? The answer seems to be yes. Plain meaning of this part of the passage appears to mean sexual thoughts about your associate's wife. Can this logic be further extended to mean that ALL dirty sexual thoughts are prohibited? NO, ABSOLUTELY NOT!

First of all, the word "covet" means something that you are OBSESSED about. It most certainly does not mean that we can't briefly fantasize about our neighbours wifes! I am most certainly against these kinds of thoughts but people do have these thoughts and it simply would be absolutely unrealistic to expect the majority of people of not having such thoughts. 

This means that in this particular case, we are only prohibited from obsessing over our associate's wife for long periods of time and for sexual purposes. Brief thoughts that happen without your consent (your instinct thoughts) are perfectly fine. This is normal to fantasize and the Torah most certainly DOES NOT PROHIBIT FREEDOM OF THOUGHT !!!

So, what does "You shall not covet the wife of your associate" really mean? It simply talks about coveting your associate's wife for non-sexual purposes. For example, you might want to desire this woman because she has a lot of money, or because she has property, or because she cooks good. It is not always sexual, you know! The only thing that is indeed prohibited is SEXUAL OBSESSION with your associate's wife! Once again, all incidental dirty sexual thoughts are OK !!!

How many men survived Exodus?

Not many. Few actually. Let's take a look:
YLT Ex 12:37 And the sons of Israel journey from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, apart from infants;
YLT Num 1:2 'Take ye up the sum of all the company of the sons of Israel by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names--every male by their polls; 
YLT Num 1:3 from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host in Israel, ye do number them by their hosts, thou and Aaron; 
YLT Num 1:4 and with you there is a man for a tribe, each is a head to the house of his fathers. 
YLT Num 2:32 These are those numbered of the sons of Israel by the house of their fathers; all those numbered of the camps by their hosts are six hundred thousand, and three thousand, and five hundred and fifty.
YLT Num 26:1 And it cometh to pass, after the plague, that Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, and unto Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, saying, 
YLT Num 26:2 'Take up the sum of all the company of the sons of Israel, from a son of twenty years and upward, by the house of their fathers, every one going out to the host in Israel.' 
YLT Num 26:3 And Moses speaketh--Eleazar the priest also--with them, in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho, saying, 
YLT Num 26:4 'From a son of twenty years and upward,'  as Jehovah hath commanded Moses and the sons of Israel who are coming out from the land of Egypt. 
YLT Num 26:51 These are numbered ones of the sons of Israel, six hundred thousand, and a thousand, seven hundred and thirty.
As you can see from the verses above, ~600k men left Mizraim and ~600k men entered the Canaan after 40 years of desert wanderings. What does that mean? 

This means that the entire generation (the one that left Mizraim) died in the desert. God explicitly said that He is destroying them for their wickedness and unrighteousness. See Number 14:27-38. Only 4 men survived - Joshuah, Caleb, Eleazar and Ithamar. Even Moses and Aaron did not make it.

So what can we learn from this? The answer is simple. This story explicitly tells us that if we wait for God to correct everything and return us to the Torah, we will have to pay the price. Namely, the generation of messiah will be destroyed. It will be another Holocaust for the Jews. 

So we shouldn't wait for God and messiah and we should return to God and His Written Torah ON OUR OWN !!! This is the only way to avert this disaster, another Holocaust that awaits us.

About Red Haifer

One of the very important components of the Tabernacle was the so-called Waters of Impurity which were made out of Red Heifer. Let's take a look what the text says:
YLT Num 19:1 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, and unto Aaron, saying, 
YLT Num 19:2 'This is a statute of the law which Jehovah hath commanded, saying, Speak unto the sons of Israel, and they bring unto thee a red cow, a perfect one, in which there is no blemish, on which no yoke hath gone up
YLT Num 19:3 and ye have given it unto Eleazar the priest, and he hath brought it out unto the outside of the camp, and hath slaughtered it before him. 
YLT Num 19:4 'And Eleazar the priest hath taken of its blood with his finger, and hath sprinkled over-against the front of the tent of meeting of her blood seven times;
YLT Num 19:5 and one hath burnt the cow before his eyes; her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, besides her dung, he doth burn; 
YLT Num 19:6 and the priest hath taken cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and hath cast unto the midst of the burning of the cow; 
YLT Num 19:7 and the priest hath washed his garments, and hath bathed his flesh with water, and afterwards doth come in unto the camp, and the priest is unclean till the evening; 
YLT Num 19:8 and he who is burning it doth wash his garments with water, and hath bathed his flesh with water, and is unclean till the evening. 
YLT Num 19:9 'And a clean man hath gathered the ashes of the cow, and hath placed at the outside of the camp, in a clean place, and it hath become to the company of the sons of Israel a charge for waters of separation--it is a cleansing
YLT Num 19:10 and he who is gathering the ashes of the heifer hath washed his garments, and is unclean till the evening; and it hath been to the sons of Israel, and to the sojourner who is sojourning in their midst, for a statute age-during
YLT Num 19:11 'He who is coming against the dead body of any man--is unclean seven days; 
YLT Num 19:12 he doth cleanse himself for it on the third day, and on the seventh day he is clean; and if he cleanse not himself on the third day, then on the seventh day he is not clean. 
YLT Num 19:13 Any one who is coming against the dead, against the body of man who dieth, and cleanseth not himself--the tabernacle of Jehovah he hath defiled, and that person hath been cut off from Israel, for water of separation is not sprinkled upon him; he is unclean; his uncleanness is still upon him.
I underlined the most important parts but please read the whole thing. So what does the text mean:

First of all, it can be ANY RED COW !!! They are actually very common and come in different shades of red. The exact color that is required can be deduced from Genesis 25:30, where it says that the the stew that Jacob gave Esau in exchange for his birthright was "red". So the cow should be a shade of a red stew/pottage.

Here is a good, unbiased picture of what Torah talks about. As you can see it is perfect and does not have any spots.

Secondly, this is one of the very interesting slaughters (offerings) mentioned in the Torah because unlike all other ones, in this case the whole cow was burned. The difference between this commandment and the pagan sacrifices is that the ashes of the cow were used, pagans on the other hand would burn everything, even the ashes. So, as you can see, even in this extreme example, the animal was NOT sacrificed in vain. It was used for a very specific and important purpose.

So once the ashes were produced, they would be kept for making "waters of impurity" (Holy Water). The words מי נדה - mi nidah  mean literally "waters of impurity".

Please note that this entire commandment is called "chukat olam" or "eternal statute", meaning that the creation of Waters of Impurity was a CONTINUOUS process. This mean that once the ashes were used up, another Red Cow was burned to produce more water. So, once again, these Red Cows are COMMON and we can use ANY cow of the proper shade of red for this purpose.

As you can see from the last verse cited, the Waters of Impurity were used for cleansing purposes. The reason why the Waters of Impurity were important was because there was a significant punishment for violating the command. As you can see, Num 19:13 say that the person who does not clean himself from the dead body touch is "cut off from Israel" forever!

Please note that Num 19:13 is one of many commandments that require Waters of Impurity. Therefore, we must rebuild the Tabernacle so that we can do these commandments and help cleanse the people who became impure for this or that reason.

Who wrote the Torah?

According to the Written Torah, God Himself wrote the Two Stone Tablets with the 10 Commandments and a scroll of the Written Torah, which He gave to Moses on Mt. Sinai. Let's take a look:
YLT Ex 24:12 And Jehovah saith unto Moses,  'Come up unto Me to the mount, and be there, and I give to thee the tables of stone, and the law, and the command, which I have written to direct them.
There is another reference to this in Exodus 32:32
YLT Ex 32:32 and now, if Thou takest away their sin--and if not--blot me, I pray thee, out of Thy book which Thou hast written.
Moses also made copies himself as well. See Deuteronomy 31:9

A look inside the Orthodox Yeshivas and Kollels

Check out this post on this blog. It provides the most up-to-date information about the state of (Ultra)Orthodox Judaism in Israel. In US the situation is no better. Here is the main quote that answers the question if (Ultra)Orthodox Jews study the Torah?
"the majority of the men aren't really learning anyway. They're busy helping their wives who are working, they're taking their kids to school, they're going shopping, etc. They come to the Beis Ha-Medrash late, and spent a good part of their time batteling. What little "learning" they actually do is the same old regurgitation of bits and pieces of bavli, the same thing they've been doing their entire life, over and over. Even the better ones, a small percentage, are just doing the same yoreh deah stuff as everyone else, maybe some Choshen Mishpat of questionable value. Few great landmark Torah projects are emerging from any of these places."
As you can see from the quote above, all that (Ultra)Orthodox Jews do is study Talmud - a hateful book. Most of them never even read the Torah (maybe when they were children), let alone study it. And this happens even in the elite Yeshivas, so one can only imagine what kind of "Torah scholars" they produce. As you can see, the situation is extremely bad and sad. 

A few speculations about the Roof of the Tabernacle

One of a few remaining questions about the Tabernacle has been really bothering me lately, so I wanted to look into the possible answers to it.

The question that I am wondering about is the Tabernacle Roof. 

As you can see from the picture above, if we follow the description of the Tabernacle in the Torah, the Tabernacle Roof would appear to have depressions due to the weight of the Coverings.

In other words, if it would rain, the water would accumulate in these depressions and probably would even seep inside the Tent. This is of'course is unacceptable.

So how this problem can be solved?

First speculation that I have is that the description is missing this part. The Text of the Torah is most certainly corrupted so it is a good possibility that the part that covers the Roof is missing. The text of MT, SP and DSS is identical, which means that this information was lost prior to the 2nd Temple period.

Second speculation that I have is perhaps it IS NOT an issue at all. Here is what the text says:
YLT Ex 40:34 And the cloud covereth the tent of meeting, and the honour of Jehovah hath filled the tabernacle; 
YLT Ex 40:35 and Moses hath not been able to go in unto the tent of meeting, for the cloud hath tabernacled on it, and the honour of Jehovah hath filled the tabernacle.
As you can see from these verses, the Glory of Yahuah covered the Tent, so even Moses could not enter it. Perhaps this can be used to justify the depressions on the roof of the Tent. Perhaps the Glory of God, which appeared as a pillar of smoke or fire over the Tabernacle, prevented any weather elements from getting on top of the Tent. So perhaps the rain would not reach the top of the Tent due to the presence of God's Glory (pillar of smoke/fire).

This would be the only two possible explanations that I can come up with at the moment.

Scientific Monotheism

I practice what I call Torah-centric Judaism. However, there is another definition of my beliefs that I wanted to talk about.

Torah-centric Judaism can be alternatively described as a Scientific Monotheism. Let's look at this term in more details.

According to Britannica, Monotheism is defined as "a belief in the existence of one god, or in the oneness of God. As such, it is distinguished from polytheism, the belief in the existence of many gods, and from atheism, the belief that there is no god."

Monotheism characterizes the traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and elements of the belief are discernible in numerous other religions.

However, my Monotheism is not religion based. I am not religious. I believe in science, logic and reason. This is why my Monotheism is Scientific, meaning that my understanding of God is being conducted in the manner of science or according to results of investigation by science, practicing or using thorough or systematic methods such as logic, reason and comparative critical analysis of the text.

To put it plainly, I do not really believe in God. I know and I understand God because it makes perfect logical sense to me. 

Science without God and God without Science is a logical fallacy. Therefore, one must use both concepts together to truly understand God and the Universe.

Its Honey Year, not Honey Moon

This is rather interesting. There is a very obscure passage in the Torah that tells us how a man should treat his wife. Let's take a look:
YLT Dt 24:5 'When a man taketh a new wife, he doth not go out into the host, and one doth not pass over unto him for anything; free he is at his own house one year, and hath rejoiced his wife whom he hath taken.
So as you can see from this passage, a man has to rejoice together with his new wife for the whole year. So Torah effectively commands us to observe a Honey Year together with a new wife. 

This is a very wise commandment because as the rest of the Torah it celebrates life and happiness. Therefore a man is even exempt from a military service for 1 year. This part of the passage is repeated in Deuteronomy 20:7 (see also Deut 20:1-9).

Retirement in the Torah

Interestingly enough, Written Torah discusses the retirement issue. Written Torah appear to understand that people get old and therefore they can't be effective workers anymore due to age.

Let's take a look at these rather obscure passages:
YLT Num 4:23 from a son of thirty years and upward, till a son of fifty years thou dost number them, every one who is going in to serve the host, to do the service in the tent of meeting. 
YLT Num 4:30 from a son of thirty years and upward even unto a son of fifty years thou dost number them, every one who is going in to the host, to do the service of the tent of meeting. 
YLT Num 4:35 from a son of thirty years and upward even unto a son of fifty years, every one who is going in to the host, for service in the tent of meeting, 
YLT Num 4:39 from a son of thirty years and upward even unto a son of fifty years, every one who is going in to the host, for service in the tent of meeting, 
YLT Num 4:43 from a son of thirty years and upward even unto a son of fifty years, every one who is going in to the host, for service in the tent of meeting, 
YLT Num 4:47 from a son of thirty years and upward even unto a son of fifty years, every one who is going in to do the work of the service, even the service of burden in the tent of meeting, 
YLT Num 8:24 'This is that which is the Levites': from a son of five and twenty years and upward he doth go in to serve the host in the service of the tent of meeting, 
YLT Num 8:25 and from a son of fifty years he doth return from the host of the service, and doth not serve any more, 
YLT Num 8:26 and he hath ministered with his brethren in the tent of meeting, to keep the charge, and doth not do service; thus thou dost to the Levites concerning their charge.'
As you can see, according to these verses, Levites were allowed to work at the Tabernacle from 25 years old until 50 years old. This is very wise commandment because people over 50 years of age start to make mistakes and their productivity starts to decline. The Levites and the Priests were supposed to represent perfection of human form, so unfortunately humans stay in their best shape roughly from 25 - 50 years of age just like the Torah says. After you are 50, you are too old to be considered perfect. Sorry :(

Having said all this, please note that these passages are literally directed at the Levites and Priests. This mean that if you are not a Levite or a Priest, you can work at your job after you reach 50 years of age. This Levitical commandment should only be taken by regular people as a guideline and not as a fact.

The Butterfly Effect

The Butterfly Effect is defined as a property of chaotic systems (as the atmosphere) by which small changes in initial conditions can lead to large-scale and unpredictable variation in the future state of the system

The Written Torah speaks of one such event. Let's take a look:
YLT Gn 7:1 And Jehovah saith to Noah,  'Come in, thou and all thy house, unto the ark, for thee I have seen righteous before Me in this generation; 
YLT Gn 7:2 of all the clean beasts thou dost take to thee seven pairs, a male and its female; and of the beasts which are not clean two, a male and its female; 
YLT Gn 7:3 also, of fowl of the heavens seven pairs, a male and a female, to keep alive seed on the face of all the earth;

YLT Gn 8:20 And Noah buildeth an altar to Jehovah, and taketh of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and causeth burnt-offerings to ascend on the altar
YLT Gn 8:21 and Jehovah smelleth the sweet fragrance, and Jehovah saith unto His heart,  'I continue not to disesteem any more the ground because of man, though the imagination of the heart of man is evil from his youth; and I continue not to smite any more all living, as I have done; 
YLT Gn 8:22 during all days of the earth, seed-time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, do not cease.'
So as you can see from the verses above and from underlined passages, Noah sacrificed 1/14th of clean animals (a cow, a sheep, a goat, etc) and 1/14th of all clean fowl (chicken, doves, turkey, etc).
This means that according to the Butterfly Effect mentioned in a beginning of my post, the population of clean animals and clean fowls was effectively culled by 1/14th. It means that current population of these creatures is 1/14th less than it could have been had Noah did not sacrifice them.
Noah did it from the evil heart, from his evil inclinations, even though Noah was called by God perfect in his generation (Gen 6:9).

So this means that you see 1/14th less birds in the skies than we would have had Noah did not sacrifice them.


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