Friday, July 7, 2017

A Vow and a Vow Offering

I want to start my Offerings Section with the Vow and Vow offering. A vow offering is a very interesting offerings and it has many laws and commandments about it. Also, it is pretty complicated so I figured it would be a good place to start. We actually have examples of a vow in the Torah text, which is why I think it will be easy to understand.

Here is the example of a vow that requires an offering:
CLV Gn 28:20 And vowing is Jacob a vow, saying,  "Should it be coming that Yahuah Elohim stands by me, and keeps me in this way which I am going, and gives to me bread to eat and a garment to put on,

CLV Gn 28:21 and I return in peace to my father's household, then Yahuah becomes my Elohim,

CLV Gn 28:22 and this stone, which I place for a monument, shall become the house of Elohim for me. And of all that You are giving to me, tithe, yea, tithe it will I for You."
And here is a communal vow that requires an offering:
CLV Num 21:1 When the Canaanite king of Arad, dwelling in the Negev, heard that Israel was coming by way of Atharim, he fought against Israel and captured captives from him. 
CLV Num 21:2 Israel vowed a vow to Yahweh and said: If You give, yea give this people into my hand then I will doom their cities. 
CLV Num 21:3 Yahweh heard the voice of Israel and gave the Canaanite into his hand. So he doomed them and their cities; hence one called the name of the place Hormah. 
Now, let's take a look at the rules of a vow and a vow offering:
CLV Lv 7:11 This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings which one may bring near to Yahweh. 
CLV Lv 7:12 If he should bring it near for an acclamation then along with the acclamation sacrifice he will bring near unleavened perforated cakes mingled with oil and unleavened wafers anointed with oil and fried perforated cakes of flour mingled with oil. 
CLV Lv 7:13 With perforated cakes of leavened bread shall he bring near his approach present, along with the acclamation sacrifice of his peace offerings. 
CLV Lv 7:14 And from it he will bring near one of each kind of approach present as a heave offering to Yahweh for the priest who is sprinkling the blood of the peace offerings; his shall it become. 
CLV Lv 7:15 As for the flesh of the acclamation sacrifice of his peace offerings, on the day of his approach present shall it be eaten. None of it shall he leave until morning. 
CLV Lv 7:16 If his approach present is a vow or a voluntary sacrifice, it shall be eaten on the day of his approach with his sacrifice, and on the morrow the rest of it may be eaten.
CLV Lv 7:17 Yet the rest of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burned with fire. 
CLV Lv 7:18 If any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings should be eaten, yea eaten, on the third day, the one bringing it near shall not be accepted; it shall not be reckoned to him. Vile shall it become, and the soul eating any of it shall bear his depravity. 
CLV Lv 7:19 As for flesh which is touching anything unclean, it shall not be eaten; in fire shall it be burned. As for other flesh, everyone clean may eat of the flesh. 
CLV Lv 7:20 Yet the soul who eats flesh from the sacrifice of peace offerings, which are to Yahweh, while his uncleanness is on him, that soul will be cut off from his kinsmen. 
CLV Lv 22:21 When a man brings near a sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahweh to make an extraordinary vow or as a voluntary offering of the herd or of the flock, flawless shall it be for acceptance; no blemish at all shall be in it. 
CLV Lv 22:22 Blind or crippled or gashed or with an ulcer or eczema or tetter, you shall not bring these near to Yahweh, nor as a fire offering shall you offer of them on the altar to Yahweh. 
CLV Lv 22:23 As for a bull or a flockling deformed or stunted you may offer it as a voluntary offering, yet for a vow it shall not be accepted. 
CLV Lv 22:24 And one with testicles squashed or pounded to pieces or pulled away or cut out you shall not bring near to Yahweh. You shall not do this in your own land,
CLV Lv 22:25 nor shall you bring near as the bread of your Elohim of any of these animals acquired from the hand of a foreigner's son. Since their ruin is in them, and a blemish is in them, they shall not be accepted on your behalf. 
CLV Lv 27:2 Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them: In case anyone makes an extraordinary vow to Yahweh, involving your appraisal of human souls: 
CLV Lv 27:3 then your appraisal will be for the male from twenty years old unto sixty years old: your appraisal will be fifty shekels of silver, by the shekel of the holy place;
CLV Lv 27:4 and if she is a female, then your appraisal will be thirty shekels. 
CLV Lv 27:5 If he is from five years old unto twenty years old then your appraisal will be: for the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels. 
CLV Lv 27:6 If the person is from a month old unto five years old then your appraisal will be: for the male five shekels of silver, and for the female your appraisal will be three shekels of silver. 
CLV Lv 27:7 If the person is from sixty years old and upward, if a male, then your appraisal will be fifteen shekels and for a female ten shekels.
CLV Lv 27:8 Yet if he is too reduced by poverty for your appraisal then one will stand him before the priest, and the priest will appraise him. Corresponding to what the vower's means can afford shall the priest appraise him. 
CLV Lv 27:9 If the vow involves a domestic beast from which they bring near an approach present to Yahweh, all of what one gives to Yahweh, it shall be holy.
CLV Lv 27:10 He shall not exchange it nor substitute for it, a good for a bad one or a bad for a good one. And if he should substitute, yea substitute beast for beast, then it has become holy; both it and its substitute shall be holy. 
CLV Lv 27:11 If the vow involves any unclean beast of which they may not bring near an approach present to Yahweh, then he will stand the beast before the priest, 
CLV Lv 27:12 and the priest will appraise it as good or bad; according to your appraisal, O priest, so shall it be.
CLV Lv 27:13 If he should redeem, yea redeem it then he will add a fifth of its value over your appraisal. 
CLV Num 15:2 Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, When you come to the land of your dwellings which I am giving to you 
CLV Num 15:3 and you make a fire offering to Yahweh, an ascent offering or a sacrifice for an extraordinary vow or in a voluntary offering or in your appointments to make a fragrant odor to Yahweh from the herd or from the flock, 
CLV Num 15:4 then the one approaching will bring near as his offering to Yahweh an approach present, a tenth of an ephah of flour mingled with a fourth of a hin of oil; 
CLV Num 15:5 as for wine for a libation you shall offer on the ascent offering or for a sacrifice a fourth of a hin with the one lamb. 
CLV Num 15:6 Or for the ram you shall offer an approach present, two tenths of an ephah of flour mingled with a third of a hin of oil;
CLV Num 15:7 as for wine for a libation you shall bring near a third of a hin, a fragrant odor to Yahweh.
CLV Num 15:8 In case you offer a bull calf of the herd as an ascent offering or a sacrifice for an extraordinary vow or peace offerings to Yahweh, 
CLV Num 15:9 then one will bring near with the bull calf of the herd an approach present, three tenths of an ephah of flour mingled with half a hin of oil; 
CLV Num 15:10 as for wine you shall bring near for a libation, half a hin, as a fire offering of fragrant odor to Yahweh. 
CLV Num 15:11 Thus shall it be done for each bull or for each ram or for a flockling among the lambs or among the goats. 
CLV Num 15:12 According to the number which you offer thus shall you do for each in their number. 
CLV Num 15:13 Every native shall do these things thus to bring near a fire offering of fragrant odor to Yahweh. 
CLV Num 15:14 In case a sojourner is sojourning with you or whoever is in your midst throughout your generations, and he offers a fire offering of fragrant odor to Yahweh, just as you are doing so shall he do. 
CLV Num 15:15 As for the assembly, there shall be one statute for you and for the sojourner sojourning with you. It shall be an eonian statute throughout your generations. Like you so shall the sojourner be before Yahweh. 
CLV Num 15:16 One law and one custom shall come to be for you and for the sojourner sojourning with you.
CLV Num 30:2 In case a man vows a vow to Yahweh or swears an oath to bind a bond on his soul, he shall not profane his word. According to all coming forth from his mouth shall he do. 
CLV Num 30:3 And in case a woman vows a vow to Yahweh and binds herself by a bond in the house of her father in her youth, 
CLV Num 30:4 and her father hears about her vow or her bond which she has bound on her soul but her father is silent toward her, then all her vows are confirmed, and every bond which she has bound on her soul shall be confirmed. 
CLV Num 30:5 Yet if her father repudiates her vow on the day he hears about it, all her vows and her bonds which she has bound on her soul shall not be confirmed, and Yahweh will pardon her, seeing that her father repudiated her act. 
CLV Num 30:6 If it be that she should become a man's while her vows are on her or the talk of her lips which she has bound on her soul,
CLV Num 30:7 and her husband hears about it, yet on the day he hears he is silent toward her, then all her vows are confirmed, and her bond which she has bound on her soul shall be confirmed.
CLV Num 30:8 Yet if, on the day her husband hears about it, he repudiates her act, then he annuls her vow which is on her or the talk of her lips which she has bound on her soul, and Yahweh shall pardon her. 
CLV Num 30:9 The vow of a widow or one driven out, all which she binds on her soul shall be confirmed on her. 
CLV Num 30:10 Yet if, in the house of her husband, she vows or binds a bond on her soul by an oath, 
CLV Num 30:11 and her husband hears about it but is silent toward her and does not repudiate her act, then all her vows are confirmed, and every bond which she has bound on her soul shall be confirmed. 
CLV Num 30:12 Yet if her husband annuls, yea annuls them on the day he hears about them, then no utterance at all from her lips concerning her vows or the bond of her soul shall be confirmed. Her husband has annulled them, and Yahweh shall pardon her.
CLV Num 30:13 Every vow and every oath of binding to humiliate the soul, her husband shall confirm it or her husband shall annul it. 
CLV Num 30:14 And if her husband is silent, yea silent toward her from day to day then he confirms all her vows or all her bonds which are on her; he has confirmed them, for he was silent toward her on the day he heard about it.
CLV Num 30:15 Yet if he annuls, yea annuls them after he heard about it, then he will bear her depravity.
CLV Num 30:16 These are the statutes which Yahweh had instructed Moses between a man and his wife and between a father and his daughter in her youth in her father's house. 
CLV Dt 12:11 then it will come to be: the place where Yahweh your Elohim shall choose to tabernacle His name, there shall you bring all that I am instructing you, your ascent offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes, the heave offerings of your hand and all your choice vow offerings which you shall vow to Yahweh. 
CLV Dt 12:17 You cannot eat within your gates the tithe of your grain, of your grape juice and of your clarified oil, neither the firstlings of your herd and your flock nor any of your vow offerings which you shall vow, neither your voluntary offerings nor the heave offerings of your hand.
CLV Dt 12:18 But rather you shall eat it before Yahweh your Elohim in the place that Yahweh your Elohim shall choose, you, your son and your daughter, your servant and your maidservant and the Levite who is within your gates. Then you will rejoice before Yahweh your Elohim in every undertaking of your hand.
CLV Dt 12:26 But as for your holy gifts which you shall come to have, and your vow offerings, you shall carry them and come to the place that Yahweh shall choose.
CLV Dt 23:18 You shall not bring the fee of a prostitute or the price of a cur into the house of Yahweh your Elohim for any vow offering, for they are an abhorrence to Yahweh your Elohim, indeed both of them.
CLV Dt 23:21 In case you should vow a vow to Yahweh your Elohim, you shall not delay to perform it, for Yahweh your Elohim shall require, yea require it from you, and it would be sin on your part.
CLV Dt 23:22 Yet in case you should forbear to vow, it shall not become sin on your part. 
CLV Dt 23:23 The utterance of your lips you shall observe, and you must do just as you have vowed to Yahweh your Elohim; it is a voluntary offering that you have spoken of with your mouth.

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