Sunday, June 27, 2010

Exodus 37:17-24 - Schematic Diagram and Layout of The Golden Lampstand (The Menorah)

Even though The Golden Lampstand was one solid piece (save for its seven Lamps), I thought it would only be beneficial to make a simple schematic diagram that would show all of its parts. Let's re-read the description of the Menorah as it is repeated for Bezaleel in Exodus 37:17-24:

17 And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same:
18 And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof:

19 Three bowls made after the fashion of almonds in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three bowls made like almonds in another branch, a knop and a flower: so throughout the six branches going out of the candlestick.

20 And in the candlestick were four bowls made like almonds, his knops, and his flowers:

21 And a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches going out of it.

22 Their knops and their branches were of the same: all of it was one beaten work of pure gold.

23 And he made his seven lamps, and his snuffers, and his snuffdishes, of pure gold.

24 Of a talent of pure gold made he it, and all the vessels thereof.
‎17 ‏וַיַּ֥עַשׂ אֶת־הַמְּנֹרָ֖ה זָהָ֣ב טָה֑וֹר מִקְשָׁ֞ה עָשָׂ֤ה אֶת־הַמְּנֹרָה֙ יְרֵכָ֣הּ וְקָנָ֔הּ גְּבִיעֶ֛יהָ כַּפְתֹּרֶ֥יהָ וּפְרָחֶ֖יהָ מִמֶּ֥נָּה הָיֽוּ׃

‎18 ‏וְשִׁשָּׁ֣ה קָנִ֔ים יֹצְאִ֖ים מִצִּדֶּ֑יהָ שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה׀ קְנֵ֣י מְנֹרָ֗ה מִצִּדָּהּ֙ הָֽאֶחָ֔ד וּשְׁלֹשָׁה֙ קְנֵ֣י מְנֹרָ֔ה מִצִּדָּ֖הּ הַשֵּׁנִֽי׃

‎19 ‏שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה גְ֠בִעִים מְֽשֻׁקָּדִ֞ים בַּקָּנֶ֣ה הָאֶחָד֮ כַּפְתֹּ֣ר וָפֶרַח֒ וּשְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה גְבִעִ֗ים מְשֻׁקָּדִ֛ים בְּקָנֶ֥ה אֶחָ֖ד כַּפְתֹּ֣ר וָפָ֑רַח כֵּ֚ן לְשֵׁ֣שֶׁת הַקָּנִ֔ים הַיֹּצְאִ֖ים מִן־הַמְּנֹרָֽה׃

‎20 ‏וּבַמְּנֹרָ֖ה אַרְבָּעָ֣ה גְבִעִ֑ים מְשֻׁ֨קָּדִ֔ים כַּפְתֹּרֶ֖יהָ וּפְרָחֶֽיהָ׃

‎21 ‏וְכַפְתֹּ֡ר תַּחַת֩ שְׁנֵ֨י הַקָּנִ֜ים מִמֶּ֗נָּה וְכַפְתֹּר֙ תַּ֣חַת שְׁנֵ֤י הַקָּנִים֙ מִמֶּ֔נָּה וְכַפְתֹּ֕ר תַּֽחַת־שְׁנֵ֥י הַקָּנִ֖ים מִמֶּ֑נָּה לְשֵׁ֙שֶׁת֙ הַקָּנִ֔ים הַיֹּצְאִ֖ים מִמֶּֽנָּה׃

‎22 ‏כַּפְתֹּרֵיהֶ֥ם וּקְנֹתָ֖ם מִמֶּ֣נָּה הָי֑וּ כֻּלָּ֛הּ מִקְשָׁ֥ה אַחַ֖ת זָהָ֥ב טָהֽוֹר׃

‎23 ‏וַיַּ֥עַשׂ אֶת־נֵרֹתֶ֖יהָ שִׁבְעָ֑ה וּמַלְקָחֶ֥יהָ וּמַחְתֹּתֶ֖יהָ זָהָ֥ב טָהֽוֹר׃

‎24 ‏כִּכָּ֛ר זָהָ֥ב טָה֖וֹר עָשָׂ֣ה אֹתָ֑הּ וְאֵ֖ת כָּל־כֵּלֶֽיהָ׃ פ

So here is the complete schematic diagram and layout of the Menorah that was used to light the inside of the Tent of the Mishkan. Please remember, that this diagram is for reference use only and is not up-to-scale.

As you can see The Golden Lampstand had the following elements in its design:
  1. One Base, that helped to balance the entire artefact - Exodus 37:17
  2. One main "stem" - Exodus 37:17
  3. Six(6) Branches(three on each side), round on the bottom and straight on the top (shape of a tree branches). - Exodus 37:18
  4. 22 Almond-shaped Cups, 10 Knops and 10 Flowers - Exodus 37:19- 22 (due to the plural form)
  5. Seven(7) Golden Oil Lamps(one for each of the branches and one for the stem) - Exodus 37:23
  6. Set of Golden "Tweezers" to handle the lamps - Exodus 37:23
  7. Set of Golden  Oil Pans, to add Oil to the Lamps - Exodus 37:23
  8. Set of Oil Jars to keep the Oil (not discussed in these verses, but you can find it in Numbers 4:9
  9. Entire Lampstand was made out of one solid piece of Gold(Exodus 37:24), that weighted One(1) Talent (by silver weight). All of the minor elements of the Lampstand were beaten out of its body. The Lampstand also appears to have been hollow inside.
The resulting artefact looked like this:

The Lampstand seems to have had a certain resemblance to a tree of Shittim(which is usually identified as some specie of Acacia tree). Here are several photos of several different species of Acacia.

This one is of Acacia Seyal. This photo was taken by Marco Schmidt in humid savanna near Kikidéni, Burkina Faso(2002).

And this one is of an Acacia Implexa. This photo is taken by D.M. Vernon(2006), near Canberra, Australia.

And this one is of an Acacia Tortilis. This photo was taken by Wikipedia user Haplochromis in Tanzania, Africa.(2009)

Popular Posts

Blog Archive