Sunday, April 22, 2012

The Mystery of The Transportation of The Laver Solved

If you have followed all of my posts back in 2010, you would know that I was unsure how the Copper Laver of the Tabernacle was transported (see this and this posts or the entire section). The main reason for this uncertainty was the weight of the resulting artifact - the Altar of Burnt Offering. This is why my last guess on this topic was that the Laver was transported together with the Sanctuary Utensils. 

This does not pose any apparent problems, except for the fact that the Utensils were small and made out of Gold and Silver, whereas the Laver was comparatively large and made out of Copper. Also the resulting weight of the Service Utensils + Laver would be almost at the maximum possible value that two people can carry upon a bar(yoke). This is why I had to leave this problem alone up until now.

Now, after examining all three witnesses of the Pentateuch in great detail (see my Interlinear Pentateuch), I was able to finally find explicit answer to the transportation of the Laver problem in the Samaritan Pentateuch, in its Numbers 4:14. Let's compare both texts (SP addition is underlined):

‏וְנָתְנ֣וּ עָ֠לָיו אֶֽת־כָּל־כֵּלָ֞יו אֲשֶׁ֣ר יְֽשָׁרְת֧וּ עָלָ֣יו בָּהֶ֗ם אֶת־הַמַּחְתֹּ֤ת אֶת־הַמִּזְלָגֹת֙ וְאֶת־הַיָּעִ֣ים וְאֶת־הַמִּזְרָקֹ֔ת כֹּ֖ל כְּלֵ֣י הַמִּזְבֵּ֑חַ וּפָרְשׂ֣וּ עָלָ֗יו כְּס֛וּי ע֥וֹר תַּ֖חַשׁ וְשָׂמ֥וּ בַדָּֽיו׃

And they shall put upon it all the vessels thereof, wherewith they minister about it, even the censers, the fleshhooks, and the shovels, and the basons, all the vessels of the altar; and they shall spread upon it a covering of badgers' skins, and put to the staves of it.

SP (Hebrew):
ונתנו עליו את כל כליו אשר ישרתו עליו בהם את המחתות את המזלגות ואת היעים ואת המזרקות כל כלי המזבח ופרשו עליו כסוי עור תחש ושמו בדיו ולקחו בגד ארגמן וכסו את הכיור ואת כנו ונתנו אתם אל מכסה עור תחש ונתנו על המוט

SP (English):
And they shall put upon it all the vessels thereof, wherewith they minister about it, [even] the censers, the fleshhooks, and the shovels, and the basins, all the vessels of the altar; and they shall spread upon it a covering of badgers' skins, and put to the staves of it. And they will take a purple covering and cover the laver and his foot, and they cover it in Tachash skins, and they put it upon a bar.

As you can see from the verse of the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Laver and its Foot was first wrapped into purple cloth:

Then, it was wrapped into Tachash (Dark) Skins:

And then it was put upon the wooden bar (or a yoke) so that two people could carry it:

Therefore, the resulting procession of the artifacts looked like so:
As you can see from this last image, the resulting procession now has 2 more people in it - those who carry the Laver, making total procession count at 20 people.

Please also note that now the weight of the Service Utensils is very reasonable and does not posses any problems as far as its transportation is concerned. And now all Copper items are separate from the Silver and Gold ones.

I hope that this post have shown that it is very important to examine all available sources of the text as they often contain missing information that allows to reconstruct the narrative of the Pentateuch.

Sunday, April 15, 2012

A little bit about The Day of Rest (Shabbat)

This is just a re-post from my Interlinear Pentateuch web site, but since it is one of the 10 Commandments and thus relevant to the Tabernacle, I thought that a repetition is in order. So here it is:

The following diagram explains the Hebrew Day of Rest (aka Shabbat, the 4th Commandment) and its main principle (click to enlarge)

Please also note, that the Pentateuch does not imply that the Day of Rest is a Saturday. In fact, it can be any day, as long as it is always the 7th day.

As you can see from the diagram, the roughly 24 hour day is divided into 6 sections of 4 hours each. The regular day is represented by each 4 hour section, whereas the Day of Rest (Shabbat) is represented by the entire 24 hour period. This means that the Day of Rest always represents the 6 regular days prior to and after the Day of Rest. This also means that each 4 hours of the Day of Rest represent 1 regular day.

Of'course, this in no way means that it is possible to predict the future or recall the past during the Day of Rest. However, this does make the Day of Rest very special, as the past and the future do indeed converge at this time period. In other words, the Day of Rest represents the primary cycle of the universe. And those who observe the Day of Rest live in harmony with the universe and with God.

In the Tabernacle, the Day of Rest is represented by the Tabernacle Corner Boards (and their description).

Friday, April 6, 2012

Normalized Interlinear Pentateuch

I'm very proud to present to you yet another exclusive material - the Normalized Interlinear Pentateuch.

This Pentateuch will allow you to read the text like you have never read before and get many new, previously unpublished, insights. 

The text presented consists of the following:
  1. Masoretic Text (based on Leningrad Codex) with basic transliterated English morphology, idiomatic English translation and parallel general translations in English and Spanish.
  2. Samaritan Pentateuch, with basic transliterated English morphology, idiomatic English translation and separate general English translation (based on KJV Bible).
  3. Dead Sea Scrolls (aka Qumran Manuscripts). All variants that are published up-to-date. Also with basic transliterated English morphology and idiomatic English translation.
The web site has the following features:
  1. Parallel presentation, so that you can compare all three witnesses at once.
  2. Normalized interlinear idiomatic translation of all three text, that will allow you to see the problems with the text as we know it, as well as to gain new insights into difficult as well as well known verses. 
  3. Supplementary articles, such as history, important facts and detailed statistics of the text.
  4. Downloadable Files of all the materials presented in the common formats, so that you can do your own research.

Happy Passover !!!

Tonight begins the holiest holy day (and the holiday) of the Hebrew nation - The Passover. As you well know it commemorates the Hebrew exodus to freedom from the land of Egypt after ten severe plagues. This holiday is also a part of the Ten Commandments (see this post). 

In the spirit of this holy day, let's re-read the way the Passover is observed in the first month of each new year (Exodus 12:1-11):
3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 
4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. 
5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 
6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 
7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 
Here, description moves on to the proper way to prepare the lamb:
8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.  
9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 
10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.
Similarly to what is shown in this video of the Samaritan Passover ceremony: 

Next, the description tells us the proper way to eat the prepared meat (VERY IMPORTANT), similar to what is depicted on these two drawings below:
11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD's passover.

Also, in Exodus 12:46, an important note is made about not breaking the bones of the Passover lamb.

Have a Happy Passover !!!

Sunday, April 1, 2012

Status Update

I have finally completed all of the Priestly Garments models, thus here is the schedule that I have outlined to help make the presentation as easy for me as possible:
  1. This Friday (right  before Passover): Major content update + Passover Post
  2. Until the end of April: Several updates to my Tabernacle Explorer software. New features + migration to a new software so that I can embed the Priestly Garments models there as well.
  3. Hopefully in May I will begin to present the models here on my blog in several posts + appropriate Tabernacle Explorer updates.
Again, I wish I had more time a resources to do this work quicker, but with what I have the above schedule is the most realistic plan that I can acomplish by myself ;)

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