Saturday, March 19, 2016

What kind of work is prohibited on Passover?

If you read my Shabbat article, you would notice that one of my key arguments is differences in the text regarding to what kind of work is prohibited. This clearly shows and proves textual inconsistency. This question is very important for proper understanding of the commandments. I've decided to elaborate more on this, because I've noticed that not many people payed attention to this fact.

So the questions is this: I want to know what is prohibited on Passover?
  1. "all work" (כל מלאכה) Exodus 12:16
  2. "all work of service" (כל מלאכה עבדה ) Leviticus 23:7-8
  3. "work" (מלאכה) Deuteronomy 16:8
As you can see, it's either "all work", "all work of service" or simply "work"? Which is it? And why? 

There are many variant readings in different manuscripts and they all different. I.e see Kennicott.

Our text is clearly corrupted. Here is the reconstruction of Deuteronomy 16:8 based on my tri-linear pentateuch (and all available sources: MT, SP and DSS). Additions to MT are in bold:
"six days you shall eat matsot and in a day the seventh restraint to Yahuah your God not you shall do in it any work of a slave"
This undoubtedly proves that only WORK OF SLAVES or SLAVE WORK is prohibited on Passover, and by transfer principle, on Shabbat and other Holy Meetings.


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