Monday, April 2, 2018

Who wrote the Torah?: The in-depth look

Most people think that it was Moses who wrote the Torah. This is not true so let's take a look where this misconception comes from and who really wrote the Torah.
CLV Ex 17:14 Then Yahuah said to Moses: Write this as a reminder in a scroll, and put it in the ears of Joshua that I shall wipe out, yea wipe out the remembrance of Amalek from under the heavens. 
CLV Ex 24:4 Now Moses wrote all the words of Yahuah. And he rose early in the morning and built an altar below the mountain and twelve stone monuments for the twelve tribes of Israel. 
CLV Ex 34:27 Yahuah said to Moses: Write for yourself these words, for at the bidding of these words I contract with you a covenant and with Israel. 
CLV Num 33:2 Moses wrote down their exit-places of their journeys at the bidding of Yahuah. And these are their decampments at their exit-places. 
CLV Dt 31:9 Then Moses wrote this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, the carriers of the coffer of the covenant of Yahuah, and to all the elders of Israel. 
CLV Dt 31:19 And now, write down for yourselves this song and teach it to the sons of Israel. Put it in their mouths so that this song may come to be for Me as a testimony against the sons of Israel. 
CLV Dt 31:22 (Moses wrote this song on that day and taught it to the sons of Israel.) 
CLV Dt 31:24 It came to be as Moses concluded writing all the words of this law on a scroll until they were finished, 
These are the verses that traditionally used to say that Moses wrote the Torah. While it may appear to be so, especially based on Exodus 17:14 and 24:4, this is not the full story because there are many other verses that say a different thing. So while Moses was writing the events of Exodus as he went, the Torah itself was NOT written by Moses. Let's take a look what Torah says:

CLV Ex 24:12 Yahuah said to Moses: Ascend to Me to the mountain and be there, and I shall give to you the stone tablets, the law and the instructions which I wrote to direct them. 
CLV Ex 31:18 He gave to Moses, as He finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, two tablets of the testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of Elohim. 
CLV Ex 32:15 Then Moses turned around and descended from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hands, tablets written on two sides across them, on this and on that side were they written. 
CLV Ex 32:16 And the tables, they were the handiwork of Elohim; and the writing, it was the writing of Elohim, chiseled on the tablets. 
CLV Ex 32:32 And now, if You should bear their sin, bear it. Yet if not, wipe me, I pray, from Your scroll which You have written. 
CLV Ex 32:33 Yahuah said to Moses: Anyone who has sinned against Me, I shall wipe him from My scroll. 
CLV Ex 34:1 Yahuah said to Moses: Carve for yourself two stone tablets like the first ones, and I will write on the tablets the words which came to be on the first tablets which you broke. 
CLV Ex 34:28 And he came to be there before Yahuah, forty days and forty nights. Bread he did not eat and water he did not drink. Thus he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the ten words. 
CLV Dt 4:13 He told you His covenant which He instructed you to keep, the ten words. Then He wrote them on two tablets of stone. 
CLV Dt 5:22 These were the words Yahuah spoke to your whole assembly at the mountain, in a loud voice from the midst of the fire, the darkness, the cloud and the murkiness; and He added no more. He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me. 
CLV Dt 9:10 Then Yahuah gave to me the two tablets of stone, written by the finger of Elohim, and on them were all the words just like those that Yahuah had spoken with you at the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly. 
CLV Dt 10:2 Then I shall write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets that you broke, and you will place them in the coffer. 
CLV Dt 10:4 Then He wrote on the tablets, like the first writing, the ten words that Yahuah had spoken to you at the mountain from the midst of the fire on the day of the assembly; and Yahuah gave them to me.
So as you can see, these verses are very clear that not only Moses got the 2 Stone Tablets which were written by finger(!) of God Himself, he also got the Written Torah scroll written by God as well.

As you can see, God says several times that He wrote the Torah and wants to give it to Moses.

So while Moses was writing his own scroll of the Torah, God gave him the original Torah scroll that HE had written. This is very important fact that many people do not seem to understand or care about.

Torah had to have been written by God because if we assume that Moses wrote the Torah then it is not divine and it is just a bunch of BS. Only if we assume that God wrote the Torah, only then the Torah makes sense as a divine and holy writing and as the real and the only Word of God.

Since the Torah was known to humans from the very beginning, it was simply necessary for God to give a correct and complete Torah text to humans, which is exactly what He did at Mt. Sinai. Moses's Torah was not exact, which is why God gave Moses a correct and complete Torah scroll to copy from.

This is the only way to explain the Deuteronomy 31:24 which means that Moses simply copied from the scroll of God the remaining chapters which indeed included the events that had not happened yet, including God speaking to Moses and Moses's death.

Moses was the greatest prophet who ever lived, which is why God gave him the entire Torah way in advance at Mt. Sinai so that Moses can teach the entire law, even though it was not yet officially given and spoken to Moses by God.

So it was God Himself who wrote the Torah. Moses only made copies.

P.S. The stone tablets were literally written by the finger of God. This makes perfect sense because God is omnipotent Being and He can certainly engrave the stone by His finger. Would it make more sense if God wrote the Tablets with a chisel or laser engraver?!? No, it had to be God's handiwork. Literally. There is no other way and this is the best possible explanation.

P.P.S. We have to account for all Torah verses at once when we come up with explanations. We can't just use some passages to justify our often incorrect beliefs. It is very important to take all verses into consideration. Especially this is true about the description of the Tabernacle.

P.P.P.S. I checked the Samaritan Pentateuch and it seems to imply that the word "Torah" in Exodus 24:12 refers to the Stone Tablets. This is most certainly an intentional edit on the part of the Samaritans as it does not make sense. Exodus 24:12 does not just say "and the Torah" it also says "and the Command", so even if we assume that the word "Torah" refers to the Stone Tablets, what does "the Command" refers to?!? So obviously Samaritan Torah is incorrect in this regard.

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